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雏菊Bellis perennis

时间:2013-07-23 07:34来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):雏菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Bellis perennis L. 英文名( English Common Name ): lawndaisy 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 延命菊、马兰头花 异名( Synonym ): Bellis validula Gand. Bellis hortensis Mill. Bel








中文名(Chinese Name):雏菊
学名(Scientific Name):Bellis perennis L.
英文名(English Common Name):lawndaisy
别名(Chinese Common Name):延命菊、马兰头花
异名(Synonym):Bellis validula Gand.  Bellis hortensis Mill.  Bellis margaritifolia Huter  Erigeron perennis (L.) Sessé & Moc.  Bellis scaposa Gilib.  Bellis hybrida Ten.  Bellis croatica Gand.  Bellis pumila Arv.-Touv. & Dupuy  Bellis pusilla (N.Terracc.) Pignatti  Bellis armena Boiss.  Aster bellis E.H.L.Krause  Bellis alpina Hegetschw.  Bellis perennis f. plena Sacc.  Bellis perennis f. pumila (Arv.-Touv. & Dupuy) Rouy  Bellis perennis f. rhodoglossa Sacc.  Bellis perennis f. tubulosa A.Kern.  Bellis perennis subsp. hybrida (Ten.) Nyman  Bellis perennis var. caulescens Rochebr.  Bellis perennis var. fagetorum Lac.  Bellis perennis var. hybrida (Ten.) Fiori  Bellis perennis var. margaritifolia (Huter) Fiori  Bellis perennis f. discoidea D.C.McClint.  Bellis perennis var. microcephala Boiss.  Bellis perennis var. pusilla N.Terracc.  Bellis perennis var. strobliana Bég.  Bellis perennis var. subcaulescens Martrin-Donos  Bellis perennis var. tubulosa F.J.Schultz
科属Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)紫菀属
形态特征Description):多年生或一年生葶状草本,高10厘米左右。叶基生,匙形,顶端圆钝,基部渐狭成柄,上半部边缘有疏钝齿或波状齿。头状花序单生,直径2.5-3.5厘米,花葶被毛;总苞半球形或宽钟形;总苞片近2层,稍不等长,长椭圆形,顶端钝,外面被柔毛。舌状花一层,雌性,舌片白色带粉红色,开展,全缘或有2-3齿,管状花多数,两性,均能结实。瘦果倒卵形,扁平,有边脉,被细毛,无冠毛。
分布(Distribution):原产欧洲,我国南北均有栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 559
Bellis perennis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 886. 1753.
雏菊 chu ju| Asteraceae  | Bellis
Herbs, perennial or annual, scapose, 10-25 cm tall; scape sparsely villosulous, strigose, sparsely, minutely stipitate glandular distally (near capitulum). Leaves basal, rosulate, petiole long, winged, blade spatulate, 2-6 × 0.9-2.8 cm, base attenuate, margin serrate to crenate, apex obtuse, sometimes retuse, mucronulate. Capitula terminal, solitary. Involucre hemispheric or broadly campanulate, 5-6 mm; phyllaries 2-seriate, subequal, oblanceolate, leaflike, surfaces sparsely villous, margin narrowly scarious, sparsely ciliate, midvein thin, translucent, apex obtuse, scarious, ciliate. Ray florets white or pinkish, lamina ca. 10 × 1 mm; disk florets yellow, ca. 2 mm, limb campanulate, ca. 1.5 mm, sparsely hairy proximally, lobes erect, triangular, ca. 0.5 mm, eglandular. Achenes strigillose. Pappus absent.
Ravines. Sichuan [native to N Africa (Morocco), SW Asia, and Europe; widely introduced and naturalized elsewhere].
An ornamental, this species is widely cultivated in gardens and parks. (责任编辑:徐晔春)
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