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千年健Homalomena occulta

时间:2013-07-16 11:24来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):千年健 学名( Scientific Name ): Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 香芋、一包针 异名( Synonym ): Calla occulta Lour.;Homalomena cochinchinens




中文名(Chinese Name):千年健
学名(Scientific Name):Homalomena occulta (Lour.) Schott
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):香芋、一包针
异名(Synonym):Calla occulta Lour.;Homalomena cochinchinensis Engl.;Homalomena tonkinensis Engl.;Spirospatha occulta (Lour.) Raf.;Homalomena aromatica Gagnep.;Zantedeschia occulta (Lour.) Spreng. 
科属(Family & Genus):天南星科(Araceae)千年健属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本。根茎匍匐,粗1.5厘米,肉质根圆柱形,粗约3-4毫米,密被淡褐色短绒毛,须根稀少,纤维状。常具高30-50厘米的直立的地上茎。鳞叶线状披针形,长15-16厘米,基部宽2.5厘米,向上渐狭,锐尖。叶柄长25-40厘米,下部具宽3-5毫米的鞘;叶片膜质至纸质,箭状心形至心形,长15-30厘米,宽(8-)15-28厘米,有时更大,先端骤狭渐尖;I级侧脉7对,其中3-4对基出,向后裂片下倾而后弧曲上升,上部的斜伸,II、III级侧脉极多数,近平行,细弱。花序1-3,生鳞叶之腋,序柄短于叶柄,长10-15厘米。佛焰苞绿白色,长圆形至椭圆形,长5-6.5厘米,花前席卷成纺锤形,粗3-3.2厘米,盛花时上部略展开成短舟状,人为展平宽5-6厘米,具长约1厘米的喙。肉穗花序具短梗或否,长3-5厘米;雌花序长1-1.5厘米,粗4-5毫米;雄花序长2-3厘米,粗3-4毫米。子房长圆形,基部一侧具假雄蕊1枚,柱头盘状;子房3室,胚珠多数,着生于中轴胎座上。种子褐色,长圆形。花期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产海南、广西、云南等地,生于海拔80-1100米的沟谷密林下、竹林和山坡灌丛中。中南半岛也有。
用途(Use):根茎入药,为瑶族群众所习用,可治跌打损伤、骨折、外伤出血、四枝麻木、筋脉拘挛、 风湿腰腿痛、类风湿关节炎、胃痛、肠胃炎、痧症等。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 23 Page 17, 18
Homalomena occulta (Loureiro) Schott in Schott & Endlicher, Melet. Bot. 20. 1832.
千年健 qian nian jian| Araceae  | Homalomena
Calla occulta Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 532. 1790; Spirospatha occulta (Loureiro) Rafinesque; Zantedeschia occulta (Loureiro) Sprengel.
Rhizome creeping; terminal part of stem erect, 30-50 cm tall; cataphylls and prophylls linear-lanceolate, 15-16 × ca. 2.5 cm. Petiole 25-40 cm, proximal part with 2-5 mm wide sheath; leaf blade sagittate-cordate, 15-30 × (8-)15-28 cm or usually more; primary veins 7 per side, 2-4 of these basal, downward to basal lobes and then arching into leaf margin, secondary and tertiary ones thinner, numerous. Inflorescences 1-3 together; peduncle shorter than petioles, 10-15 cm. Spathe pale green, oblong or elliptic, 5-6.5 × 3-3.2 cm, fusiform before anthesis, distal part slightly spreading and shortly boat-shaped at anthesis, 5-6 cm wide when spread out completely, apex with a beak ca. 1 cm. Spadix sessile or shortly stipitate, 3-5 cm; female zone 1-1.5 cm × 4-5 mm; ovary oblong, 3-loculed, with 1 staminode at side of base; ovules numerous; placentation axile; stigma disciform; male zone 2-3 cm × 3-4 mm. Seeds brown, oblong. Fl. Jul-Sep.
Dense valley forests, bamboo forests, mountain shrub forests; below 100-1100 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].
One of us (Boyce) notes that the correct application of the name Homalomena occulta is obscure. The type (that almost certainly came from Huế in Vietnam) is lost, and the material that Schott annotated as being H. occulta consists of at least three species. The above description appears to be based on at least two species.
The aromatic rhizomes are used medicinally to treat traumatic injuries, fractures, stomach aches, lumbago, intestinal parasites, and rheumatic arthralgia.
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