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大叶仙茅Curculigo capitulata

时间:2013-12-04 16:24来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):大叶仙茅 学名( Scientific Name ): Curculigo capitulata (Lour.) O. Kuntze 英文名( English Common Name ): palm-grass 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 野棕、假槟榔树 异名( Synonym ): Curculigo fuziwarae Yamam




中文名(Chinese Name):大叶仙茅
学名(Scientific Name):Curculigo capitulata (Lour.) O. Kuntze
英文名(English Common Name):palm-grass
别名(Chinese Common Name):野棕、假槟榔树
异名(Synonym):Curculigo fuziwarae Yamam.;Curculigo recurvata W. T. Aiton;Curculigo strobiliformis D. Fang et D. H. Qin;Leucojum capitulatum Lour.;Molineria capitulata (Lour.) Herb.;Tupistra esquirolii H. Lév. et Vaniot;Veratrum mairei H. Lév.
科属Family & Genus):石蒜科(Amaryllidaceae)仙茅属
形态特征Description):粗壮草本,高达1米多。根状茎粗厚,块状,具细长的走茎。叶通常4-7枚,长圆状披针形或近长圆形,长40-90厘米,宽5-14厘米,纸质,全缘,顶端长渐尖,具折扇状脉,背面脉上被短柔毛或无毛;叶柄长30-80厘米,上面有槽,侧背面均密被短柔毛。花茎通常短于叶,长 (10-) 15-30厘米,被褐色长柔毛;总状花序强烈缩短成头状,球形或近卵形,俯垂,长2.5-5厘米,具多数排列密集的花;苞片卵状披针形至披针形,长1.5-2.5厘米,被毛;花黄色,具长约7毫米的花梗;花被裂片卵状长圆形,长约8毫米,宽3.5-4毫米,顶端钝,外轮的背面被毛,内轮的仅背面中脉或中脉基部被毛;雄蕊长约为花被裂片的2/3;花丝很短,长不超过1毫米;花药线形,长约5毫米;花柱比雄蕊长,纤细,柱头近头状,极浅的3裂;子房长圆形或近球形,被毛。浆果近球形,白色,直径约4-5毫米,无喙;种子黑色,表面具不规则的纵凸纹。花期5-6月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、台湾、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南、西藏。生于林下或阴湿处,海拔850-2200米。也分布于印 度、尼泊尔、孟加拉、斯里兰卡、缅甸、越南、老挝和马来西亚。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 24 Page 271
Curculigo capitulata (Loureiro) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 703. 1891.
大叶仙茅 da ye xian mao| Amaryllidaceae | Curculigo
Leucojum capitulatum Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 199. 1790; Curculigo fuziwarae Yamamoto; C. recurvata W. T. Aiton; C. strobiliformis D. Fang & D. H. Qin; Molineria capitulata (Loureiro) Herbert; Tupistra esquirolii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Veratrum mairei H. Léveillé.
Herbs to 1 m tall, stout. Rhizomes tuberous, thick, with creeping, slender stolons. Leaves often 4--7; petiole 30--80 cm; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate to suboblong, 40--90 × 5--14 cm, plicate, papery, sometimes pubescent, margin entire, apex acuminate. Flowering stems (10--)15--30 cm, brown villous. Racemes nodding, capitate to subovoid, 2.5--5 cm, densely many flowered; bracts ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 1.5--2.5 cm, hairy. Pedicel ca. 7 mm. Perianth yellow; segments ovate-oblong, ca. 8 × 3.5--4 mm, apex obtuse, outer segments adaxially hairy, inner ones adaxially hairy on midvein or at base of midvein. Stamens 5--6 mm; filament less than 1 mm; anther linear, ca. 5 mm. Ovary subglobose to oblong, hairy. Style longer than stamens, slender; stigma subcapitate. Berry white, subglobose, 4--5 mm in diam., beakless. Seeds black with irregular stripes. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Aug--Sep.
Forests, shady and moist places; (300--)800--2200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].
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