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鸡冠花Celosia cristata

时间:2013-07-15 17:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):鸡冠花 学名( Scientific Name ): Celosia cristata Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): silver cocks comb 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 鸡冠 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 苋科(Amaranthaceae)








中文名(Chinese Name):鸡冠花
学名(Scientific Name):Celosia cristata Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):silver cock's comb
别名(Chinese Common Name):鸡冠
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):苋科(Amaranthaceae)青葙属
形态特征(Description):本种和青箱极相近,但叶片卵形、卵状披针形或披针形,宽2-6厘米;花多数,极密生,成扁平肉质鸡冠状、卷冠状或羽毛状的穗状花序,一个大花序下面有数个较小的分枝,圆锥状矩圆形,表面羽毛状; 花被片红色、紫色、黄色、橙色或红色黄色相间。花果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):我国南北各地均有栽培,广布于温暖地区。
用途(Use):栽培供观赏;花和种子供药用,为收敛剂,有止血、凉血、止泻功效。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 5 Page 417
Celosia cristata Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 205. 1753.
鸡冠花 ji guan hua | Amaranthaceae  | Celosia
Celosia argentea Linnaeus f. cristata (Linnaeus) Schinz; C. argentea var. cristata (Linnaeus) Kuntze.
Herbs annual. Stem erect. Leaves ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or lanceolate, 2-6 cm wide. Spikes often cristate, convolute, or feathery; some small branches pyramidal-oblong. Bracts lanceolate, with midvein, apex acuminate. Tepals red, purple, yellow, or orange. Utricles ovoid, enveloped in persistent perianth. Seeds compressed-reniform. Fl. and fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 35*, 36*, 54*.
Widely cultivated. as an ornamental in China [cosmopolitan].
This taxon is usually regarded as a cultivated form of Celosia argentea. There are many ornamental cultivars in China.
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