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狗肝菜Dicliptera chinensis

时间:2013-07-15 16:22来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
狗肝菜,Dicliptera chinensis,华九头狮子草




中文名(Chinese Name):狗肝菜
学名(Scientific Name):Dicliptera chinensis (Linn.) Juss.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):华九头狮子草
异名(Synonym):Dicliptera roxburghiana Nees;Dicliptera burmanni Nees;Diapedium chinense (Juss.) K.D.Koenig
科属(Family & Genus):爵床科(Acanthaceae)狗肝菜属
形态特征(Description):草本,高30-80厘米;茎外倾或上升,具6条钝棱和浅沟,节常膨大膝曲状,近无毛或节处被疏柔毛。叶卵状椭圆形,顶端短渐尖,基部阔楔形或稍下延,长2-7厘米,宽1.5-3.5厘米,纸质,绿深色,两面近无毛或背面脉上被疏柔毛;叶柄长5-25毫米。花序腋生或顶生,由3-4个聚伞花序组成,每个聚伞花序有1至少数花,具长3-5毫米的总花梗,下面有2枚总苞状苞片,总苞片阔倒卵形或近圆形,稀披针形,大小不等,长6-12毫米,宽3-7毫米,顶端有小凸尖,具脉纹,被柔毛;小苞片线状披针形,长约4毫米;花萼裂片5,钻形,长约4毫米;花冠淡紫红色,长约10-12毫米,外面被柔毛,2唇形,上唇阔卵状近圆形,全缘,有紫红色斑点,下唇长圆形,3浅裂;雄蕊2,花丝被柔毛,药室2,卵形,一上一下。蒴果长约6毫米,被柔毛,开裂时由蒴底弹起,具种子4粒。
分布(Distribution):产福建、台湾、广东、海南、广西、香港、澳门、云南、贵州、四川。生于海拔1800米以下疏林下、溪边、路旁。分布于孟加拉国、印度东北部、中南半岛。
用途(Use):可药用,清热解毒,生津利尿。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 
Dicliptera chinensis (Linnaeus) Jussieu, Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 9: 268. 1807.
狗肝菜 gou gan cai  | Acanthaceae  | Dicliptera
Justicia chinensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 16. 1753; Diapedium chinense (Linnaeus) K. D. Koenig & Sims; Dicliptera burmanni Nees; D. roxburghiana Nees.
Herbs 30-80 cm tall, annual or biennial. Stems ridged, basally diffuse, apically erect, glabrous except for pubescence on young branches and nodes. Petiole to 0.5-3 cm, puberulent; leaf blade ovate-elliptic, 2-8 × 1.5-4 cm, abaxially sparsely puberulent along veins, adaxially glabrous, secondary veins 4 or 5 on each side of midvein and abaxially slightly prominent, base cuneate to attenuate and decurrent onto petiole, margin entire or slightly sinuate, apex shortly acuminate to acute. Inflorescences each of (1-)3 or 4 pedunculate cymes from upper leaf axils, 1-4 cm; inflorescence bracts subulate to linear to oblanceolate to obovate, 3-7.5 × 0.3-1 mm; peduncle 2-5 mm; cymules usually 3 or 4 per cyme; outer bracteoles elliptic to obovate, 5-13 × 3-8 mm, unequal, abaxially puberulent, 3-veined, margin ciliate, apex acute and mucronate; inner bracteoles linear, ca. 5 mm, abaxially hirsute, apex acuminate. Pedicel 0.5-3 mm, puberulent. Calyx ca. 5 mm; lobes linear, equal, margin hirsute, apex acuminate. Corolla pale purple, 1-1.2 cm, outside puberulent; tube slender, ca. 6 mm, ca. 1.5 mm wide; limb 2-lipped; lip in lower position ovate, ca. 5 × 3 mm, apex entire; lip in upper position oblong, ca. 4 × 1.5 mm, shallowly 3-lobed. Stamens inserted near apex of corolla tube; filaments ca. 4 mm, glabrous; thecae spherical, ca. 1.2 mm in diam., parallel. Ovary pilose at tip; style ca. 1.4 cm. Capsule broadly ellipsoid, ca. 6 mm, puberulent, 4-seeded, apex apiculate. Seeds circular in outline, ca. 2 mm in diam., covered with apically barbed papillae. Fl. Sep-Jan, fr. Nov-Feb. 2n = 26.
Streamsides, trailsides; below 1800 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, India, Vietnam].
This species is used medicinally.

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