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风筝果Hiptage benghalensis

时间:2018-06-29 11:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 风筝果 学名( Scientific Name ): Hiptage benghalensis (Linn.) Kurz 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Banisteria benghalensis L. Hiptage parvifolia Wight et Ar
中文名(Chinese Name):风筝果
学名(Scientific Name):Hiptage benghalensis (Linn.) Kurz
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Banisteria benghalensis L.  Hiptage parvifolia Wight et Arn.  Hiptage obtusifolia (Roxb.) DC.  Hiptage javanica Blume  Hiptage madablota Gaertn.
科属(Family & Genus):金虎尾科Malpighiaceae风筝果属Hiptage
形态特征(Description):灌木或藤本,攀援,长3-10米或更长;幼嫩部分和总状花序密被淡黄褐色或银灰色柔毛。老枝无毛,锈红色或暗灰色,具浅色皮孔。叶片革质,长圆形,椭圆状长圆形或卵状披针形,长9-18厘米,宽3-7厘米,先端渐尖,基部阔楔形或近圆形,背面常具2腺体,全缘,幼时淡红色,被短柔毛,老时变绿色,无毛,主脉及侧脉(6-7对)两面均稍突起;叶柄长5-10毫米,上面具槽。总状花序腋生或顶生,长5-10厘米,被淡黄褐色柔毛,花梗长1-1.6(-2)厘米,密被黄褐色短柔毛,中部以上具关节,具小苞片2枚,钻状披针形,长2-4毫米;花芽球形,径5-7毫米。花大,径1.5-2.5厘米,极芳香;萼片5,阔椭圆形或卵形,长5-6毫米,先端圆形,外面密被黄褐色短柔毛,具1粗大长圆形腺体,一半附着在萼片上,一半下延贴生于花梗上;花瓣白色,基部具黄色斑点,或淡黄色或粉红色,圆形或阔椭圆形,内凹,长8-15毫米,宽5-10毫米,先端圆形,基部具爪,边缘具流苏,外面被短柔毛,雄蕊10,最大者长8-12毫米,其余3-5毫米,花药椭圆形,长1-2毫米;花柱长约12毫米,拳卷状。翅果除果核被短绢毛外,余无毛,中翅椭圆形或倒卵状披针形,长3.5-5(-7)厘米,宽1-1.6厘米,顶端全缘或微裂,侧翅披针状长圆形,长1.5-3厘米,背部具1三角形鸡冠状附属物。花期2-4月,果期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、台湾、广东、广西、海南、贵州和云南;生于海拔(100-)200-1 900米的沟谷密林、疏林中或沟边路旁,也栽培于园庭观赏。分布于印度、孟加拉、中南半岛、马来西亚、菲律宾和印度尼西亚。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 11 Page 135, 136
Hiptage benghalensis (Linnaeus) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 43: 136. 1874.
风筝果 feng zheng guo | Malpighiaceae  | Hiptage
Shrubs or lianas, 3-10 m or more; branchlets and inflorescences densely yellowish brown or silver-gray pubescent; branches glabrate, ferruginous-red or dark gray, with light- colored lenticels. Petiole 5-10 mm, canaliculate adaxially; leaf blade leathery, oblong, elliptic-oblong, or ovate-lanceolate, 9-18 × 3-7 cm, young leaves light red, pubescent, old leaves green, glabrous, base broadly cuneate or rounded, abaxially often with 2 glands, apex acuminate; lateral veins 6 or 7 pairs. Racemes axillary or terminal, 5-10 cm, inflorescence yellowish brown pubescent, glabrate; pedicels articulate at middle or distally; bracteoles subulate-lanceolate. Flowers very fragrant. Sepals broadly elliptic or ovate, 5-6 mm, apex rounded, densely yellow-brown pubescent; gland thick, large, oblong, ca. 1/2 adnate on pedicel. Petals white, base yellow maculate, or yellowish or pink, orbicular or broadly elliptic, 8-15 × 5-10 mm, pubescent, apex rounded, base clawed, margin fimbriate. Stamens differing in size, longest 8-12 mm, others 3-5 mm; anthers elliptic, 1-2 mm. Style ca. 12 mm, circinate. Samara body shortly sericeous, wings glabrous, abaxial wing elliptic or obovate-lanceolate, 3.5-5(-7) × 1-1.6 cm, apex entire or retuse, lateral wings lanceolate-oblong, 1.5-3 cm, base of wing with 1 triangular-crested appendage. Fl. Feb-Apr, fr. Apr-May.
Dense forests, sparse forests, shrub forests of valleys, riverbanks, field margins, roadsides; (100-)200-1900 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
 







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