红紫珠Callicarpa rubella

中文名(Chinese Name):红紫珠
学名(Scientific Name):Callicarpa rubella Lindl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):小红米果
异名(Synonym):Callicarpa dielsii (H. Lév.) C. P'ei  Callicarpa rubella var. hemsleyana Diels  Callicarpa tenuiflora Champion  Callicarpa panduriformis H. Lév.  Callicarpa lasiantha Lem.  Callicarpa rubella f. subglabra C.Pei  Callicarpa rubella f. villosa M.Cheng & Z.J.Feng  Callicarpa rubella var. dielsii (H.Lév.) H.L.Li  Callicarpa sessilifolia Wall. ex Walp. 
科属(Family & Genus):马鞭草科(Verbenaceae)紫珠属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高约2米;小枝被黄褐色星状毛并杂有多细胞的腺毛。叶片倒卵形或倒卵状椭圆形,长10-14-(21)厘米,宽4-8-(10)厘米,顶端尾尖或渐尖,基部心形,有时偏斜,边缘具细锯齿或不整齐的粗齿,表面稍被多细胞的单毛,背面被星状毛并杂有单毛和腺毛,有黄色腺点,侧脉6-10对,主脉、侧脉和细脉在两面稍隆起;叶柄极短或近于无柄。聚伞花序宽2-4厘米,被毛与小枝同;花序梗长1.5-3厘米,苞片细小;花萼被星状毛或腺毛,具黄色腺点,萼齿钝三角形或不明显;花冠紫红色、黄绿色或白色,长约3毫米,外被细毛和黄色腺点;雄蕊长为花冠的2倍,药室纵裂;子房有毛。果实紫红色,径约2毫米。花期5-7月,果期7-11月。
分布(Distribution):产安徽、浙江、江西、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南,生于海拔300-1900米的山坡、河谷的林中或灌丛中。东南亚等地也有分布。
用途(Use):民间用根墩肉服,可通经和治妇女红、白带症;嫩芽可揉碎擦癣。叶可作止血、接骨药。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 13   
Callicarpa rubella Lindley, Bot. Reg. 11: t. 883. 1825.
红紫珠 hong zi zhu| Verbenaceae  | Callicarpa
Shrubs ca. 2 m tall. Petiole very short to leaf subsessile; leaf blade lanceolate, oblanceolate, obovate-elliptic, or ovate, (4.5-)8-14(-21) X (1.1-)2-8(-10) cm, base cordate and sometimes oblique, margin serrulate, irregularly serrate, or serrate, apex acuminate to caudate; veins 6-10 pairs, midvein, lateral veins, and reticulate veins elevated on both surfaces. Cymes 2-4 cm across; peduncle ca. (0.6-)1-3 cm; bracts small. Calyx subtruncate to slightly dentate with obtusely triangular teeth. Corolla purple, greenish, or white, ca. 3 mm. Fruit purple, (1-)2 mm in diam. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jul-Nov.
100-3500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]
 红紫珠Callicarpa rubella

红紫珠Callicarpa rubella

红紫珠Callicarpa rubella
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