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老鸦糊Callicarpa giraldii

时间:2013-11-10 11:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 老鸦糊 学名( Scientific Name ): Callicarpa giraldii Hesse ex Rehd. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 小米团花 异名( Synonym ): Callicarpa mairei H. Lv. Callicarpa bodinieri v
中文名(Chinese Name):老鸦糊
学名(Scientific Name):Callicarpa giraldii Hesse ex Rehd.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):小米团花
异名(Synonym):Callicarpa mairei H. Lév.  Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii (Hesse) Rehder  Callicarpa giraldiana Hesse ex Rehder 
科属Family & Genus):马鞭草科(Verbenaceae)紫珠属
形态特征Description):灌木,高1-3-(5)米;小枝圆柱形,灰黄色,被星状毛。叶片纸质,宽椭圆形至披针状长圆形,长5-15厘米,宽2-7厘米,顶端渐尖,基部楔形或下延成狭楔形,边缘有锯齿,表面黄绿色,稍有微毛,背面淡绿色,疏被星状毛和细小黄色腺点,侧脉8-10对,主脉、侧脉和细脉在叶背隆起,细脉近平行;叶柄长1-2厘米。聚伞花序宽2-3厘米,4-5次分歧,被毛与小枝同;花萼钟状,疏被星状毛,老后常脱落,具黄色腺点,长约1.5毫米,萼齿钝三角形;花冠紫色,稍有毛,具黄色腺点,长约3毫米;雄蕊长约6毫米,花药卵圆形,药室纵裂,药隔具黄色腺点;子房被毛。果实球形,初时疏被星状毛,熟时无毛,紫色,径约2.5-4毫米。花期5-6月,果期7-11月。
分布(Distribution):产甘肃、陕西、河南、江苏、安徽、浙江、江西、湖南、湖北、福建、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南,生于海拔200-3400米的疏林和灌丛中。
用途(Use):全株入药能清热、和血、解毒;治小米丹(裤带疮)、血崩(《贵州民间药物》第一辑)
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 9     
Callicarpa giraldii Hesse ex Rehder in Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 2: 629. 1914.
老鸦糊 lao ya hu| Verbenaceae  | Callicarpa
Shrubs 1-3(-5) m tall. Petiole 0.6-2 cm; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong, oblong-elliptic, elliptic, broadly elliptic, obovate-oblong, or broadly ovate, 5-17 X 2-10 cm, papery, base cuneate, narrowly cuneate, obtuse, or rounded, margin serrate, apex acuminate. Cymes 1-3 cm across, stellate tomentose. Calyx campanulate, ca. 1.5 mm, sparsely stellate tomentose when young, glabrescent, yellow glandular; teeth less than 0.5 mm, obtuse. Corolla purple, ca. 3 mm, slightly puberulent, yellow glandular. Stamens ca. 4-6 mm; anthers ovate, yellow glandular on connective. Ovary puberulent. Fruit purple, 2.5-4 mm in diam., stellate tomentose when young, glabrescent. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jul-Nov.
200-3400 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
This species can be reliably distinguished from Callicarpa bodinieri only in having yellow instead of red glands. The two taxa overlap in all other features including distribution, and their maintenance as distinct species merits further investigation.
 


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