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高粱泡Rubus lambertianus

时间:2013-11-07 12:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):高粱泡 学名( Scientific Name ): Rubus lambertianus Ser. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 蓬蘽,冬牛 异名( Synonym ): Rubus pycnanthus Focke Rubus ochlanthus Hance Rubus moluc
中文名(Chinese Name):高粱泡
学名(Scientific Name):Rubus lambertianus Ser.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):蓬蘽,冬牛
异名(Synonym):Rubus pycnanthus Focke  Rubus ochlanthus Hance  Rubus moluccanus var. lambertianus (Ser.) Kuntze 
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属
形态特征(Description):半落叶藤状灌木,高达3米;枝幼时有细柔毛或近无毛,有微弯小皮刺。单叶宽卵形, 稀长圆状卵形,长5-10(12)厘米,宽a1-8厘米,顶端渐尖,基部心形,上面疏生柔毛或沿 叶脉有柔毛,下面被疏柔毛,沿叶脉毛较密,中脉上常疏生小皮刺,边缘明显3-5裂或呈波状,有细锯齿;叶柄长2-4(5)厘米,具细柔毛或近于无毛,有稀疏小皮刺;托叶离生,线 状深裂,有细柔毛或近无毛,常脱落。圆锥花序顶生,生于枝上部叶腋内的花序常近总状, 有时仅数朵花簇生于叶腋;总花梗、花梗和花萼均被细柔毛;花梗长0.5-1厘米;苞片与托叶相似;花直径约8毫米;萼片卵状披针形,顶端渐尖、全缘,外面边缘和内面均被白色短柔毛,仅在内萼片边缘具灰白色绒毛;花瓣倒卵形,白色,无毛,稍短于萼片;雄蕊多数, 稍短于花瓣,花丝宽扁;雌蕊约15-20,通常无毛。果实小,近球形,直径约6-8毫米,由 多数小核果组成,无毛,熟时红色;核较小,长约2毫米,有明显皱纹。花期7-8月,果期9-11月。
分布(Distribution):产河南、湖北、湖南、安徽、江西、江苏、浙江、福建、台湾、广东、广西、云南。生低海山坡、山谷或路旁灌木丛中阴湿处或生于林缘及草坪。日本也有分布。
用途(Use):果熟后食用及酿酒;根叶供药用,有清热散瘀、止血之效;种子药用,也可榨油作发油 用。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 264
Rubus lambertianus Seringe in Candolle, Prodr. 2: 567. 1825.
高粱泡 gao liang pao | Rosaceae  | Rubus
Shrubs lianoid, semideciduous, to 3 m tall. Branchlets brown or reddish brown, terete, thinly pubescent or subglabrous, with sparse, curved minute prickles. Leaves simple; petiole 2–4(–5) cm, thinly pubescent or subglabrous, with sparse, minute prickles; stipules caducous, free, to 1 cm, laciniate-parted nearly to base, lobes linear to lanceolate, thinly pubescent or subglabrous; blade broadly ovate, rarely oblong-ovate, 5–10(–12) × 4–8 cm, 5-veined, abaxially pilose, more densely so along veins, rarely glabrous, with sparse, minute prickles along midvein, adaxially pilose or hairy only along veins, base cordate, margin distinctly 3–5-lobed or undulate, serrulate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, terminal ones usually cymose panicles, 10–15 cm, axillary ones often subracemes, shorter, sometimes flowers few in clusters in leaf axils; rachis and pedicels thinly pubescent, subglabrous, or glabrous; bracts 6–9 mm, margin laciniate lobed; lobes linear, puberulous. Pedicel 5–10 mm. Flowers 7–9 mm in diam. Calyx abaxially thinly pubescent; sepals ovate-lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, 5–8 × 2.5–4 mm, margin entire, apex acuminate, margin of inner sepals gray tomentose. Petals white, obovate, glabrous, slightly shorter than or nearly as long as sepals, base clawed. Stamens many, somewhat shorter than petals; filaments broad, complanate. Pistils ca. 15–20, slightly shorter than or ca. as long as stamens, glabrous. Aggregate fruit red at maturity, subglobose, 6–8 mm in diam., glabrous, with many drupelets; pyrenes small, ca. 2 mm, prominently rugose. Fl. Jul–Aug, fr. Sep–Nov. 2n = 28.
Slopes, roadsides, montane valleys, stony ravines, grasslands, thickets, sparse forests, forest margins, moist places; 200--2500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Thailand].
Rubus urophyllus Y. C. Liu & F. Y. Lu (Quart. J. Chin. Forest. 9(2): 133. 1976) was treated in Fl. Taiwan is an uncertain species that might be only varietally distinct from R. lambertianus.
 


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