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粗叶悬钩子Rubus alceifolius

时间:2018-06-29 12:05来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 粗叶悬钩子 学名( Scientific Name ): Rubus alceifolius Poir. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Rubus alceaefolius Poir. Rubus fimbriiferus Focke Rubus fimbrii
中文名(Chinese Name):粗叶悬钩子
学名(Scientific Name):Rubus alceifolius Poir.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym): Rubus alceaefolius Poir.  Rubus fimbriiferus Focke  Rubus fimbriiferus var. diversilobatus Merr. et Chun  Rubus multibracteatus var. demangei H. Lév.  Rubus gilvus Focke  Rubus alceifolius var. diversilobatus (Merr. et Chun) T. T. Yu et L. T. Lu  Rubus hainanensis Focke  Rubus bullatifolius Merr.  Rubus laciniatostipulatus Hayata ex Koidz.  Rubus monguillonii H. Lév. et Vaniot  Rubus monguilloni H.L‚v. & Vaniot  Rubus fimbriifer var. diversilobatus Merr. & Chun  Rubus fimbriifer Focke
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)悬钩子属
形态特征(Description):攀援灌木,高达5米。枝被黄灰色至锈色绒毛状长柔毛,有稀疏皮刺。单叶,近圆形 或宽卵形,长6-16厘米,宽5-14厘米,顶端圆钝,稀急尖,基部心形,上面疏生长柔毛, 并有囊泡状小突起,下面密被黄灰色至锈色绒毛,沿叶脉具长柔毛,边缘不规则3-7浅 裂,裂片圆钝或急尖,有不整齐粗锯齿,基部有5出脉;叶柄长3-4.5厘米,被黄灰色至锈 色绒毛状长柔毛,疏生小皮刺;托叶大,长约1-1.5厘米,羽状深裂或不规则的撕裂,裂片 线形或线状披针形。花成顶生狭圆锥花序或近总状,也成腋生头状花束,稀为单生;总花, 梗、花梗和花萼被浅黄色至锈色绒毛状长柔毛;花梗短,最长者不到1厘米;苞片大,羽状 至掌状或梳齿状深裂,裂片线形至披针形,或裂片再次分裂;花直径1-1.6厘米;萼片宽卵 形,有浅黄色至锈色绒毛和长柔毛,外萼片顶端及边缘掌状至羽状条裂,稀不分裂,内萼片 常全缘而具短尖头;花瓣宽倒卵形或近圆形,白色,与萼片近等长;雄蕊多数,花丝宽扁,花药稍有长柔毛;雄蕊多数,子房无毛。果实近球形,直径达1.8厘米,肉质,红色;核有皱纹。 花期7-9月,果期10-11月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、湖南、江苏、福建、台湾、广东、广西、贵州、云南。生海拔500-2000米的向限山坡、山谷杂木林内或沼泽灌丛中以及路旁岩石间。缅甸、东南亚、印度尼西亚、菲律宾、 日本也有分布。
用途(Use):根和叶入药,有活血去瘀、清热止血之效。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 253     
Rubus alceifolius Poiret in Lamarck, Encycl. Meth. 6: 247. 1804.
粗叶悬钩子 cu ye xuan gou zi | Rosaceae  | Rubus
Rubus alceifolius var. diversilobatus (Merrill & Chun) T. T. Yü & L. T. Lu; R. bullatifolius Merrill; R. fimbriiferus Focke; R. fimbriiferus var. diversilobatus Merrill & Chun; R. gilvus Focke; R. hainanensis Focke; R. laciniatostipulatus Hayata ex Koidzumi; R. monguillonii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. multibracteatus H. Léveillé & Vaniot var. demangei H. Léveillé.
Shrubs scandent, to 5 m tall, with arching or climbing branches. Branchlets brown or reddish brown, densely spreading straight tomentose-villous, with sparse, recurved prickles to 5 mm; petiole 3–4.5 cm, yellowish gray to rust colored tomentose-villous, with sparse, minute prickles; stipules oblong to orbicular, 1–1.5(–2) cm, margin deeply digitately or pinnately divided, lobes linear or linear-lanceolate, hairy; blade suborbicular or broadly ovate, 6–16 × 5–14 cm, usually palmately 5-veined, thinly leathery, abaxially yellowish gray to rust colored tomentose, villous along veins, adaxially sparsely villous and distinctly bullate between veins, base cordate with basal incision to 3 or 4 cm deep, margin shallowly 5–7-lobed; lobes apically obtuse or acute, unevenly coarsely serrate. Inflorescences terminal, narrow cymose panicles or subracemes, 6–11 cm, sometimes flowers few in axillary clusters, rarely flowers solitary; rachis and pedicels tomentose-villous, with minute recurved prickles; bracts 1–1.4 cm, pinnatifid to pinnatipartite; lobes linear or lanceolate. Pedicel 5–10(–15) mm. Flowers 1–1.6 cm in diam. Calyx abaxially tomentose-villous; tube cupular; sepals broadly ovate to triangular-ovate, 6–9 × 5–8 mm, apex and margin of outer sepals palmately or pinnately laciniate, rarely undivided, inner sepals entire, shortly pointed, abaxially tomentose, intermixed villous. Petals white, suborbicular to broadly obovate, 5–9 × 4–9 mm, base clawed. Stamens many, shorter than petals; filaments to 5 mm, broad, complanate; anthers with few long hairs. Pistils numerous, longer than stamens; ovary and style glabrous. Aggregate fruit red, subglobose, to 1.8 cm in diam.; pyrenes rugose. Fl. Jul–Sep. fr. Oct–Nov. 2n = 42*.
Sunny slopes, mixed forests in valleys, boggy thickets, roadsides, rock crevices; 500--2000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].
The fruit are juicy and edible. The roots and leaves are used medicinally.
 


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