织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 藤蔓植物 >

地石榴 Ficus tikoua

TAG标签: 桑科 Moraceae Ficus 榕属
时间:2013-10-17 16:56来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):地石榴 学名( Scientific Name ): Ficus tikoua Bur. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 地果、地瓜 异名( Synonym ): Ficus bonatii H. Lv. 科属( Family Genus ): 桑科(Moraceae)
中文名(Chinese Name):地石榴
学名(Scientific Name):Ficus tikoua Bur.  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):地果、地瓜
异名(Synonym):Ficus bonatii H. Lév.
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)榕属
形态特征(Description):匍匐木质藤本, 茎上生细长不定根,节膨大;幼枝偶有直立的,高达30-40厘米,叶坚纸质,倒卵状椭圆形,长2-8厘米,宽1.5-4厘米,先端急尖,基部圆形至浅心形,边缘具波状疏浅圆锯齿,基生侧脉较短,侧脉3-4对,表面被短刺毛,背面沿脉有细毛;叶柄长1-2厘米,直径立幼枝的叶柄长达6厘米;托叶披针形,长约5毫米,.被柔毛。榕果成对或簇生于匍匐茎上,常埋于土中,球形至卵球形,直径1-2厘米,基部收缩成狭柄,成熟时深红色,表面多圆形瘤点,基生苞片3,细小;雄花生榕果内壁孔口部,无柄,花被片2-6,雄蕊1-3;雌花生另一植株榕果内壁,有短柄。无花被,有粘膜包被子房。瘦果卵球形,表面有瘤体,花柱侧生,长,柱头2裂。花期5-6月,果期7月。
分布(Distribution):产湖南、湖北、广西、贵州、云南、西藏、四川、甘肃、陕西,常生于荒地、草坡或岩石缝中。印度、越南、老挝也有分布。
用途(Use):榕果成熟可食;又是水土保持植物。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 59
Ficus tikoua Bureau, J. Bot. (Morot). 2: 214. 1888.
地果 di guo | Moraceae  | Ficus
Ficus bonatii H. Léveillé; F. nigrescens King.
Woody vines, prostrate, 0.3-0.4 m tall. Young branchlets occasionally straight, with long and thin adventitious roots, nodes enlarged. Stipules lanceolate, ca. 5 mm, pubescent. Petiole 1-2(-6) cm; leaf blade obovate-elliptic, 2-8 × 1.5-4 cm, thickly papery, base rounded to shallowly cordate, margin shallowly toothed, apex acute; basal lateral veins short; secondary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midvein, abaxially with fine hairs among veins, adaxially with short spinose hairs. Figs axillary on procumbent stem, paired or clustered usually at least partly underground, dark red when mature, globose to ovoid, 1-2 cm in diam., surface with rounded tubercles, basally attenuated into a short stalk, sessile; involucral bracts thin. Male flowers: near apical pore; calyx lobes 2-6; stamens 1-3. Female flowers: shortly pedicellate; calyx lobes absent; ovary covered by a sticky membrane; style persistent, lateral, long; stigma 2-lobed. Achenes ovoid-globose, tuberculate. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul.
Wastelands, grassy banks, rock crevices; 800-1400 m. S Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, SE Xizang, Yunnan [NE India, Laos, N Vietnam].




(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(3)
50%
踩一下
(3)
50%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容