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棒花羊蹄甲Bauhinia nervosa

时间:2018-08-13 20:28来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):棒花羊蹄甲 学名( Scientific Name ): Bauhinia nervosa (Wall. ex Benth.) Baker 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Bauhinia claviflora L. Chen Phanera nervosa Wal
中文名(Chinese Name):棒花羊蹄甲
学名(Scientific Name):Bauhinia nervosa (Wall. ex Benth.) Baker
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Bauhinia claviflora L. Chen  Phanera nervosa Wall. ex Benth.  Bauhinia griffithiana (Benth.) Prain
科属(Family & Genus):云实科,Caesalpiniaceae羊蹄甲属
形态特征(Description):直立灌木;枝圆柱形,被柔毛。叶近革质,广卵形,长8.5-11厘米,宽8-10厘米,基部心形,先端分裂达叶长的1/5-1/4,裂片近三角形,圆钝,上面无毛,下面脉上被柔毛;基出脉9-11。总状花序顶生,被灰褐色短柔毛,少花;苞片早落;花大;花蕾棒状,长可达4.5厘米,卜部直径约1厘米;花梗粗壮,长4.5-5.5厘米,与萼同被锈色短柔毛;花托圆筒形,长约2厘米;萼裂片略厚,线状披针形,长2.5-3厘米,宽约3厘米,先端长渐尖,外面被茸毛;花瓣近革质,白色;基部红色,外面密被褐色丝质柔毛,内面被极稀疏柔毛,瓣柄长达2厘米,瓣片阔倒卵形,长约3厘米,宽约2.2厘米,上部有隆起的脉,顶凹缺;能育雄蕊3,花丝粗,直径1.5毫米,长约3.5厘米,无毛,花药具极稀疏的柔毛;不育雄蕊2,花丝纤细,长约1.5厘米,无毛;子房具柄,密被赤褐色柔毛,花柱粗,柱头阔,盘状,直径约4毫米。荚果未见。花期9月。
分布(Distribution):产云南南部(西双版纳大勐龙)。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:
FOC Vol. 10 Page 9, 14
Bauhinia nervosa (Wallich ex Bentham) Baker in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India. 2: 283. 1876.
棒花羊蹄甲 bang hua yang ti jia | Fabaceae  | Bauhinia
Phanera nervosa Wallich ex Bentham in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 262. 1852; Bauhinia claviflora L. Chen.
Climbers, robust, with tendrils. Branches brownish pubes­cent, later subglabrous. Stipules ovate-auriculate; petiole 1.5-3 cm; leaf blade suborbicular, 6-8 × 7-9 cm, subleathery, abaxi­ally thinly pubescent, adaxially glabrous, veins 11-13, base shallowly cordate, apex bifid to ca. 1/3, lobes rounded at apex. Inflorescence racemose-corymbose, rusty pubescent; bracts lan­ceolate, cucullate, 1.3-1.8 cm; bracteoles similar to bracts but smaller, inserted at middle of pedicel. Pedicel 4-5 cm. Flower buds to 4.5 cm. Receptacle tubular, ca. 2 cm; calyx lobes re­flexed, swollen, linear-lanceolate, 2.5-3 × ca. 0.4 cm, outside pubescent, apex acute. Petals white and reddish at base, sub­leathery, broadly obovate, ca. 3 × 2.2 cm, veins convex, apex emarginate, claw to 2 cm. Fertile stamens 3; filaments strong, ca. 3.5 cm, glabrous; anthers oblong, loosely hairy. Staminodes 2; filaments ca. 1.5 cm, slender. Ovary stalked, pubescent; style stout; stigma broadly disciform. Legume unknown. Fl. Sep.
Open forests; 1500-1600 m. Yunnan [India, Myanmar, Thailand].





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