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粉叶羊蹄甲Bauhinia glauca

时间:2018-08-13 20:28来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 粉叶羊蹄甲 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Bauhinia glauca (Benth.) Benth. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 拟粉叶羊蹄甲、光羊蹄甲 异名( Synonym ): Phanera glauca Wall. ex Benth.
中文名Chinese Name):粉叶羊蹄甲
学名Scientific Name):Bauhinia glauca (Benth.) Benth.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):拟粉叶羊蹄甲、光羊蹄甲
异名(Synonym):Phanera glauca Wall. ex Benth.
科属(Family & Genus):云实科羊蹄甲属
形态特征(Description):木质藤本,除花序稍被锈色短柔毛外其余无毛;卷须略扁,旋卷。叶纸质,近圆形,长5-7(-9)厘米,2裂达中部或更深裂,罅口狭窄,裂片卵形,内侧近平行,先端圆钝,基部阔,心形至截平,上面无毛,下面疏被柔毛,脉上较密;基出脉9-11条;叶柄纤细,长2-4厘米。伞房花序式的总状花序顶生或与叶对生,具密集的花;总花梗长2.5-6厘米,被疏柔毛,渐变无毛;苞片与小苞片线形,锥尖,长4-5毫米;花序下部的花梗长可达2厘米;花蕾卵形,被锈色短毛;花托长12-15毫米(花盛开时长达20毫米),被疏毛;萼片卵形,急尖,长约6毫米,外被锈色茸毛;花瓣白色,倒卵形,各瓣近相等,具长柄,边缘皱波状,长10-12毫米,瓣柄长约8毫米;能育雄蕊3枚,花丝无毛,远较花瓣长;退化雄蕊5-7;子房无毛,具柄,花柱长约4毫米,柱头盘状。荚果带状,薄,无毛,不开裂,长15-20厘米,宽4-6厘米,荚缝稍厚,果颈长6-10毫米;种子10-20颗,在荚果中央排成一纵列,卵形,极扁平,长约1厘米。花期4-6月;果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西、江西、湖南、贵州、云南。生于山坡阳处疏林中或山谷蔽荫的密林或灌丛中。印度、中南半岛、印度尼西亚有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 8, 19
Bauhinia glauca (Wallich ex Bentham) Bentham, Fl. Hongk. 99. 1861.
粉叶羊蹄甲 fen ye yang ti jia | Fabaceae  | Bauhinia
Climbers, with tendrils. Young branches reddish pubes­cent, later glabrous. Stipules linear, ca. 4 mm; petiole sparsely pubescent, (1-)2-4 cm; leaf blade ovate to orbicular, often broader than long, 4-6(-9) cm in diam., abaxially sparsely pu­bescent, adaxially glabrous, 7-11-veined, base truncate to cor­date, apex bifid to 1/5-1/2, tip of lobes rounded. Flowers in short dense corymbs; bracts linear, ca. 5 mm; bracteoles similar, inserted near middle of pedicel. Pedicel slender, 10-20 mm. Flower buds ovoid, glabrous to hairy. Receptacle striate, tubu­lar, 7-15(-30) mm, subglabrous. Calyx splitting into 2 or 3 reflexed segments. Petals white, subequal, broadly obovate, 8-12 mm including claw 2-3 mm. Fertile stamens 3; filaments glabrous, ca. as long as petals; anthers red, ellipsoid, ca. 2 mm. Stami­nodes 7, 2 in between stamens, ca. 3 mm, 5 short, subu­late, con­nate at base. Ovary ca. 8 mm, glabrous, shortly stalked; style very short; stigma obliquely peltate. Legume flat, 18-25 × 3-5 cm, thinly valved, indehiscent. Seeds flat, ovoid, 5-8 mm.
Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia (Peninsular), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].







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