织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 藤蔓植物 >

中华猕猴桃Actinidia chinensis

时间:2013-07-15 16:49来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中华猕猴桃,Actinidia chinensis,藤梨,猕猴桃








中文名(Chinese Name):中华猕猴桃
学名(Scientific Name):Actinidia chinensis Planch.
英文名(English Common Name):kiwi
别名(Chinese Common Name):藤梨、猕猴桃
异名(Synonym):Actinidia chinenssis Planch.;Actinidia chinensis f. rufopulpa C.F.Liang & R.H.Huang;Actinidia chinensis var. rufopulpa (C.F.Lianf & R.H.Huang) C.F.Liang & A.R.Ferguson
科属(Family & Genus):猕猴桃科(Actinidiaceae)猕猴桃属
形态特征(Description):大型落叶藤本;幼一枝或厚或薄地被有灰白色茸毛或褐色长硬毛或铁锈色硬毛状刺毛,老时秃净或留有断损残毛;花枝短的4-5厘米,长的15-20厘米,直径4-6毫米;隔年枝完全秃净无毛,直径5-8毫米,皮孔长圆形,比较显著或不甚显著;髓白色至淡褐色,片层状。叶纸质,倒阔卵形至倒卵形或阔卵形至近圆形,长6-17厘米,宽7-15厘米,顶端截平形并中间凹入或具突尖、急尖至短渐尖,基部钝圆形、截平形至浅心形,边缘具脉出的直伸的睫状小齿,腹面深绿色,无毛或中脉和侧脉上有少量软毛或散被短糙毛,背面苍绿色,密被灰白色或淡褐色星状绒毛,侧脉5-8对,常在中部以上分歧成叉状,横脉比较发达,易见,网状小脉不易见;叶柄长3-6(-10)厘米,被灰白色茸毛或黄褐色长硬毛或铁锈色硬毛状刺毛。聚伞花序1-3花,花序柄长7-15毫米,花柄长9-15毫米;苞片小,卵形或钻形,长约1毫米,均被灰白色丝状绒毛或黄褐色茸毛;花初放时白色,放后变淡黄色,有香气,直径1.8-3.5厘米;萼片3-7片,通常5片,阔卵形至卵状长圆形,长6-10毫米,两面密被压紧的黄褐色绒毛;花瓣5片,有时少至3-4片或多至6-7片,阔倒卵形,有短距,长10-20毫米,宽6-17毫米;雄蕊极多,花丝狭条形,长5-10毫米,花药黄色,长圆形,长1.5-2毫米,基部叉开或不叉开;子房球形,径约5毫米,密被金黄色的压紧交织绒毛或不压紧不交织的刷毛状糙毛,花柱狭条形。果黄褐色,近球形、圆柱形、倒卵形或椭圆形,长4-6厘米,被茸毛、长硬毛或刺毛状长硬毛,成熟时秃净或不秃净,具小而多的淡褐色斑点;宿存萼片反折;种子纵径2.5毫米。
分布(Distribution):产重庆,福建,甘肃,广东,广西,贵州,河南,湖北,湖南,江苏,江西,陕西,四川,台湾,云南,浙江,安徽。生于200-2600米山地森林,疏林,高草灌丛灌丛;低山地中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 12 Page 337, 349      
Actinidia chinensis Planchon, London J. Bot. 6: 303. 1847.
中华猕猴桃 zhong hua mi hou tao | Actinidiaceae  | Actinidia
Climbing shrubs, large, deciduous. Branchlets reddish, with paler oblong lenticels, young branchlets white pubescent to brownish long strigose or densely ferruginous hispid-setose; pith whitish to brown, large, lamellate. Petiole 3-6(-10) cm, white pubescent or brownish long strigose to densely ferruginous hispid-setose; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially dark green, broadly ovate to broadly obovate or suborbicular, 6-17 × 7-15 cm, papery, abaxially whitish or brownish stellate tomentose, adaxially usually glabrous, occasionally ± puberulent, especially more densely so on midvein and lateral veins, or densely scabrid-hispid throughout, midvein and lateral veins conspicuous abaxially, subconspicuous adaxially, lateral veins 5-8 pairs, furcate above middle, veinlets in parallel cross-bars, conspicuous abaxially, base rounded to truncate to cordatulate, margin setose-serrulate with teeth terminating tips of veinlets, apex truncate to emarginate to abruptly cuspidate or shortly acuminate. Inflorescences cymose, 1-3-flowered, white silky-tomentose or yellowish brown velutinous; peduncles 0.7-1.5 cm; pedicels 0.9-1.5 cm; bracts linear, ca. 1 mm. Flowers orange-yellow. Sepals (3-)5(-7), broadly ovate to oblong-ovate, 6-10 mm, both surfaces densely yellowish tomentose. Petals (3-)5(-8), rarely with a second whorl of 2 smaller petals, broadly obovate, 1-2 cm, shortly clawed at base, rounded at apex. Filaments 5-10 mm; anthers yellow, oblong, 1.5-2 mm, sagittate at base or not, apex acute to rounded. Ovary globose, ca. 5 mm in diam., densely golden villous. Fruit subglobose to cylindric to obovoid or ellipsoidal, 4-6 cm, densely tomentose when young, glabrous when mature to densely hispid, with many brownish lenticels; persistent sepals reflexed. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Sep. 2n = 58*, 116*, 174*.
● Mountain forests, sparse secondary forests, tall grassy thickets on low mountains, thickets; 200-2600 m. Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
The producer of kiwifruit, this taxon is widely cultivated in China and elsewhere.
Actinidia chinensis var. lageniformis S. Y. Wang & C. F. Chen (J. Henan Agric. Coll. 4: 82. 1981) and A. chinensis var. nephrocarpa S. Y. Wang & C. F. Chen (loc. cit.), both described from Henan, could not be treated here because no material was seen by the authors.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容