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红桧Chamaecyparis formosensis

时间:2013-11-10 20:13来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 红桧 学名( Scientific Name ): Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 薄皮松罗,松梧,台湾扁柏 异名( Synonym ): Retinispora formosensis (Matsum.)
中文名(Chinese Name):红桧
学名(Scientific Name):Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):薄皮松罗,松梧,台湾扁柏
异名(Synonym):Retinispora formosensis (Matsum.) A.V. Bobrov & Melikyan
科属(Family & Genus):柏科Cupressaceae扁柏属Chamaecyparis
形态特征(Description):乔木,高达57米,地上径达6.5米; 树皮淡红褐色,生鳞叶的小枝扁平,排成一平面。鳞叶菱形,长1-2毫米,先端锐尖,背面有腺点,有时具纵脊,小枝上面之叶绿色,微有光泽,下面之叶有白粉。球果矩圆形或矩圆状卵圆形,长10-12毫米,径6-9毫米;种鳞5-6对,顶部具少数沟纹,中央稍凹,有尖头;种子扁,倒卵圆形,红褐色,微有光泽,两侧具窄翅,连翅长2-2.2毫米,宽1.8-2毫米。
分布(Distribution):为我国台湾的特有树种,产于中央山脉、阿里山、北插天山等地海拔1050-2000米酸性黄壤地带。
用途(Use):木材优良,可供建筑、土木工程、桥梁、舟车、器具、家具等用材。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 4 Page 68     
Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsumura, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 15: 137. 1901.
红桧 hong gui| Cupressaceae  | Chamaecyparis
Cupressus formosensis (Matsumura) A. Henry.
Trees to 60 m tall; trunk to 6.5 m d.b.h.; bark light reddish brown; branches spreading to pendulous. Facial leaves of ultimate branchlets rhomboid, 1-3 mm, apex acute to acuminate; leaves on upper side of branchlets green, with a gland abaxially; leaves on lower side of branchlets glaucous; lateral leaves slightly larger than others, mostly eglandular, apex incurved. Seed cones oblong or oblong-ovoid, (0.6-)1-1.2 cm × 5-9 mm; cone scales 8-12. Seeds reddish brown, ovate-orbicular, flattened, 1.5-2.5 mm in diam., including wings. 2n = 22*.
* Forests in mountain regions; 1000-2900 m. Taiwan
A rare species.
 




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