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木荷Schima superba

时间:2013-11-09 22:10来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 木荷 学名( Scientific Name ): Schima superba Gardn. et Champ. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 荷树、荷木 异名( Synonym ): Schima xinyiensis H. T. Chang et Z. Y. Su ex H. T.
中文名(Chinese Name):木荷
学名(Scientific Name):Schima superba Gardn. et Champ.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):荷树、荷木
异名(Synonym):Schima xinyiensis H. T. Chang et Z. Y. Su ex H. T. Chang et Ren  Schima confertiflora Merr.  Schima kankaoensis Hayata  Schima liukiuensis Nakai
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科(Theaceae)木荷属
形态特征(Description):大乔木,高25米,嫩枝通常无毛。叶革质或薄革质,椭圆形,长7-12厘米,宽4-6.5厘米,先端尖锐,有时略钝,基部楔形,上面干后发亮,下面无毛,侧脉7-9对,在两面明显,边缘有钝齿;叶柄长1-2厘米。花生于枝顶叶腋,常多朵排成总状花序,直径3厘米,白色,花柄长1-2.5厘米,纤细,无毛;苞片2,贴近萼片,长4-6毫米,早落;萼片半圆形,长2-3毫米,外面无毛,内面有绢毛;花瓣长1-1.5厘米,最外1片风帽状,边缘多少有毛;子房有毛。蒴果直径1.5-2厘米。花期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、福建、台湾、江西、湖南、广东、海南、广西、贵州。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 421, 423 
Schima superba Gardner & Champion, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 1: 246. 1849.
木荷 mu he| Theaceae  | Schima
Schima confertiflora Merrill; S. kankaoensis Hayata; S. liukiuensis Nakai; S. xinyiensis Hung T. Chang & Z. Y. Su.
Trees 5-20 m tall. Young branches glabrous or puberulent. Petiole 1-2 cm, sparsely pubescent or glabrous; leaf blade elliptic to oblong-elliptic, 7-13 × 2.5-4(-6) cm, thinly leathery to leathery, abaxially pale green, sparsely pubescent or glabrous, and becoming yellowish green when dry, adaxially green, shiny, and glabrous, secondary veins 7-9 on each side of midvein and visible or obscure on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin undulately obtusely crenate from basal 1/2 apically, apex acuminate. Flowers 4-8 in a raceme, 2-3 cm in diam. Pedicel 1-2.5 cm, slender, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; bracteoles 2, caducous. Sepals semiorbicular, 2-3 mm, outside glabrous, inside sericeous, margin ciliolate. Petals white, obovate, 1-1.5 cm, outside basally puberulent. Stamens 5-7 mm. Ovary tomentose; style ca. 5 mm. Capsule subglobose, 1-2 cm in diam. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Oct-Dec. 2n = 36.
Forests; 100-800(-1600) m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan (Ryukyu Islands)].
 






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