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圆叶樱桃Cerasus mahaleb

时间:2013-11-07 11:13来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):圆叶樱桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Cerasus mahaleb (Linn.) Mill. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 麻哈勒布樱桃,马哈利樱桃 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 蔷薇科(Ro
中文名(Chinese Name):圆叶樱桃
学名(Scientific Name):Cerasus mahaleb (Linn.) Mill.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):麻哈勒布樱桃,马哈利樱桃
异名(Synonym): 
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)樱属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高达10余米。小枝灰褐色,密被短柔毛。冬芽卵形,芽鳞外密被短柔毛或脱落几无毛。叶片卵形、近圆形或椭圆形,长3.5-5厘米,宽2.5-3.5厘米,先端骤尖或急尖,基部圆形,边有圆钝锯齿,齿端有小腺体,上面绿色,无毛,下面淡绿色,中脉突出,被短柔毛,侧脉通常8-12对,被稀疏柔毛或脱落几无毛;叶柄长2-3厘米,先端有1-2个腺体或腺体着生在叶基部,幼时被短柔毛,老时脱落几无毛;托叶卵状披针形,边有腺齿。花序伞房总状,基部有2-3片退化小叶,花序长4-5厘米,有花5-8朵,近先叶开放;苞片小,直径0.5-1毫米,膜质,褐色,卵形,先端齿裂;花梗长1-1.5厘米,无毛;萼筒倒圆锥状或钟状,长约3毫米,先端宽约3毫米,外面无毛,萼片长圆卵形,先端圆钝,全缘,与萼筒近等长或比萼筒稍短;花瓣白色,倒卵形或短椭圆形,长约,毫米,宽约4毫米,先端圆钝;雄蕊20-25,稍短于花瓣;子房无毛,柱头头状。核果成熟后黑色,近圆形,直径约7-8毫米;核两侧稍扁,光滑。花期5月,果期7月。
分布(Distribution):辽宁、河北等地庭园有栽培。原产欧洲及亚洲西部,久经栽培,供观赏用。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 413     
Cerasus mahaleb (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Cerasus no. 4. 1768.
圆叶樱桃 yuan ye ying tao | Rosaceae  | Cerasus
Prunus mahaleb Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 474. 1753; Padellus mahaleb (Linnaeus) Vassilczenko; Padus mahaleb (Linnaeus) Borkhausen.
Shrubs, rarely trees, sometimes attaining 10–13 m tall. Branchlets grayish brown, densely pubescent. Winter buds ovoid, densely pubescent, glabrescent. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, caducous, margin gland-tipped fimbriate. Petiole 2–3 cm, pubescent when young, glabrescent, with 1 or 2 nectaries at apex or at leaf blade base; leaf blade ovate, suborbicular, or elliptic, 3.5–5 × 2.5–3.5 cm, abaxially pale green and pubescent, adaxially green and glabrous, base rounded, margin obtusely glandular-crenate, apex obtusely cuspidate to tapering-acuminate; secondary veins 8–12 on either side of midvein. Inflorescences corymbose-racemose, 4–5 cm, 5–8-flowered, with 2 or 3 small leaves near base; rachis glabrous; bracts brown, ovate, 0.5–1 mm in diam., membranous, apex serrate. Flowers opening ± before leaves. Pedicel 1–1.5 cm, glabrous. Hypanthium obconical to campanulate, ca. 3 × 3 mm, outside glabrous. Sepals oblong-ovate, slightly shorter than hypanthium, margin entire, apex rounded. Petals white, obovate to shortly elliptic, ca. 5 × 4 mm, apex rounded. Stamens 20–25, slightly shorter than petals. Ovary glabrous; stigma capitate. Drupe black when ripe, subglobose, 7–8 mm in diam.; endocarp ovoid but laterally compressed, smooth. Fl. May, fr. Jul.
Cultivated. Hebei, Liaoning [native to SW Asia and Europe].
This species is cultivated as an ornamental and as grafting stock for other cultivated Prunoideae.
 




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