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红车木 Syzygium rehderianum

时间:2013-10-23 11:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):红车木 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium rehderianum Merr. et Perry 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 红枝蒲桃 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)
中文名(Chinese Name):红车木
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium rehderianum Merr. et Perry
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):红枝蒲桃
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):灌木至小乔木;嫩枝红色,干后褐色,圆形,稍压扁,老枝灰褐色。叶片革质,椭圆形至狭椭圆形,长4-7厘米,宽2.5-3.5厘米,先端急渐尖,尖尾长1厘米,尖头钝,基部阔楔形,上面干后灰黑色或黑褐色,不发亮,多细小腺点,下面稍浅色,多腺点,侧脉相隔2-3.5毫米,在上面不明显,在下面略突起,以50度开角斜向边缘,边脉离边缘1-1.5毫米;叶柄长7-9毫米。聚伞花序腋生,或生于枝顶叶腋内,长1-2厘米,通常有5-6条分枝,每分枝顶端有无梗的花3朵;花蕾长3.5毫米;萼管倒圆锥形,长3毫米,上部平截,萼齿不明显;花瓣连成帽状;雄蕊长3-4毫米;花柱纤细,与雄蕊等长。果实椭圆状卵形,长1.5-2厘米,宽1厘米。花期6-8月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、广东、广西等省区,常见于低海拔疏林中。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 336, 340, 342, 343, 355
Syzygium rehderianum Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 243. 1938.
红枝蒲桃 hong zhi pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Shrubs or trees, to 13 m tall, d.b.h. to 18 cm. Branchlets red, brown when dry, terete, slightly compressed; old branches grayish brown. Petiole 7-9 mm; leaf blade elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 4-7 × 2.5-3.5 cm, leathery, abaxially slightly pale when dry, adaxially grayish brown to blackish brown and not glossy when dry, abaxially with numerous glands, adaxially with numerous small glands, secondary veins 2-3.5 mm apart, at an angle of ca. 50° from midvein, abaxially slightly raised, and adaxially inconspicuous, intramarginal veins 1-1.5 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate, apex abruptly acuminate and with a 5-10 mm obtuse acumen. Inflorescences axillary in axils apically on branches, cymes, 1-2 cm, usually with 5 or 6 branches. Flower buds ca. 3.5 mm. Hypanthium obconic, ca. 3 mm, apically flatted truncate. Calyx lobes inconspicuous. Petals white, coherent. Stamens 3-4 mm. Style slender, as long as stamens. Fruit black, ellipsoid-ovoid, 1.5-2 × ca. 1 cm. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Nov-Jan.
● Open to dense forests, valleys, hills, streamsides; 100-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan.




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