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肖蒲桃Syzygium acuminatissimum

时间:2018-08-12 09:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 肖蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium acuminatissimum (Blume) DC. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Acmena acuminatissima (Bl.) Merr. et Perry Eugenia cus
中文名(Chinese Name):肖蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium acuminatissimum (Blume) DC. 
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Acmena acuminatissima (Bl.) Merr. et Perry  Eugenia cuspidato-obovata Hayata  Myrtus acuminatissima Blume  Syzygium cuspidatoovatum (Hayata) Mori  Eugenia subdecurrens Merr. et Chun  Syzygium cumingianum (Vidal) Gibbs  Syzygium cuspidato-obovatum (Hayata) Mori  Syzygium subdecurrens Miq.  Acmena dielsii Merr. & L.M.Perry  Acmena laevifolia (Ridl.) Merr. & L.M.Perry  Acmena polyantha (K.Schum. & Lauterb.) Merr. & L.M.Perry  Xenodendron polyanthum K.Schum. & Lauterb.  Jambosa acuminatissima (Blume) Hassk.  Eugenia attenuatifolia Merr.  Eugenia cumingiana Vidal  Eugenia eucaudata Elmer ex Merr.  Eugenia laevifolia Ridl.
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高20米;嫩枝圆形或有钝棱。叶片革质,卵状披针形或狭披针形,长5-12厘米,宽1-3.5厘米,先端尾状渐尖,尾长2厘米,基部阔楔形,上面干后暗色,多油腺点,侧,脉多而密,彼此相隔3毫米,以,65度-70度开角缓斜向上,在上面不明显,在下面能见,边脉离边缘1.5毫米;叶柄长5-8毫米。聚伞花序排成圆锥花序,长3-6厘米,顶生,花序轴有棱;花3朵聚生,有短柄;花蕾倒卵形,长3-4毫米,上部圆,下部楔形;萼管倒圆锥形,萼齿不明显,萼管上缘向内弯;花瓣小,长1毫米,白色;雄蕊极短。浆果球形,直径1.5厘米,成熟时黑紫色;种子1个。花期7 -10月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西等省区。生于低海拔至中海拔林中。分布至中南半岛、马来西亚、印度、印度尼西亚、菲律宾等地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 339, 343
Syzygium acuminatissimum (Blume) Candolle, Prodr. 3: 261. 1828.
肖蒲桃 xiao pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Myrtus acuminatissima Blume, Bijdr. 1088. 1826-1827; Acmena acuminatissima (Blume) Merrill & L. M. Perry; Eugenia acuminatissima (Blume) Kurz (1875), not Miquel (1846); E. cuspidato-ovata Hayata; E. subdecurrens (Miquel) Merrill & Chun; Jambosa acuminatissima (Blume) Hasskarl; Syzygium cuspidato-ovatum (Hayata) Mori; S. subdecurrens Miquel.
Trees, to 20 m tall. Branchlets terete or obtusely ridged. Petiole 5-8 mm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 5-12 × 1-3.5 cm, leathery, adaxially dark with numerous oil glands, secondary veins numerous, ca. 3 mm apart, at an angle of 65°-70° from midvein, abaxially visible, and adaxially inconspicuous, intramarginal veins ca. 1.5 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate, apex caudate-acuminate and with a ca. 2 cm acumen. Inflorescences terminal, 3-flowered cymes arranged into panicles, 3-6 cm; peduncle ridged. Flower buds obovoid, 3-4 mm, basally cuneate, apically rounded. Hypanthium obconic, shortly stipitate. Calyx lobes inconspicuous, apical margins of hypanthium incurved. Petals white, distinct, ca. 1 mm. Stamens ca. 1 mm. Fruit blackish purple when ripe, globose, ca. 1.5 cm in diam., 1-seeded. Embryo with intrusive branching tissue extending into and interlocking cotyledons. Fl. Jul-Oct.
Low to middle elevation forests. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan (Lan Yu) [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand; Pacific islands].






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