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假鹊肾树Streblus indicus

时间:2013-10-17 16:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):假鹊肾树 学名( Scientific Name ): Streblus indicus (Bur.) Corner 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Pseudostreblus indicus Bureau 科属( Family Genus ): 桑科
中文名(Chinese Name):假鹊肾树
学名(Scientific Name):Streblus indicus (Bur.) Corner  
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Pseudostreblus indicus Bureau
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)鹊肾树属
形态特征(Description):无刺乔木,高可达15米,胸径15-20厘米,有乳状树液;树皮褐色,平滑;幼枝微被柔毛。叶革质,排为两列,椭圆状披针形,幼树枝之叶狭椭圆状披针形,长7-15厘米,宽2.5-4厘米,全缘;表面绿色,背面浅绿色,两面光亮,无毛,尖端钝尖或为尾状,基部楔形,侧脉羽状,多数;叶柄长1-1.5厘米;托叶线形,细小,早落。花雌雄同株或同序;雄花为腋生蝎尾形聚伞花序,单生或成对,总花梗长约6毫米,被微柔毛;花白色微红,苞片3,三角形,基部合生,花被片5,覆瓦状排列,长椭圆形,长约4毫米,边缘有缘毛,雄蕊5枚,与花被片对生,花丝扁平,退化雌蕊小,圆锥柱形;雌花单生叶腋或生于雄花序上,花梗长10-15毫米,近圆形,边缘有缘毛,长约为10毫米,花柱深2裂,密被深褐色短柔毛,子房球形,为花被片紧密包围。核果球形,直径约10毫米,中部以下渐狭,基部一边肉质,包围在增大的花被内。花期10-11月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南、广西、云南,生于海拔650-1400米山地林中或阴湿地区。印度、泰国也有分布。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 29      
Streblus indicus (Bureau) Corner, Gard. Bull. Singapore. 19: 226. 1962.
假鹊肾树 jia que shen shu| Moraceae  | Streblus
Pseudostreblus indicus Bureau in Candolle, Prodr. 17: 220. 1873.
Trees to 15 m, d.b.h. 15-20 cm; monoecious or dioecious. Bark brown, smooth. New branchlets pubescent; spines absent. Stipules linear, small, caducous. Petiole 1-1.5 cm; leaf blade elliptic-lanceolate but narrowly elliptic-lanceolate on young trees, 7-15 × 2.5-4 cm, leathery, glabrous, shiny, abaxially pale green, adaxially green, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse to ± caudate. Bisexual inflorescences with 1 apical female flower and many basal male flowers. Male inflorescences axillary, solitary or paired, scorpioid; bracts 3, triangular, basally connate. Female inflorescences 1-flowered; peduncle 1-1.5 cm. Male flowers: pedicel ca. 6 mm, pubescent; calyx lobes 5, reddish white, imbricate, narrowly elliptic, ca. 4 mm, with marginal hairs; filaments flat; pistillode small, conic-columnar. Female flowers: calyx lobes ± orbicular, ca. 1 cm, enclosing ovary, with marginal hairs; ovary globose; style 2-branched almost from base, densely dark brown pubescent. Drupes globose, ca. 1 cm in diam., enclosed by enlarged calyx lobes, basally attenuate and fleshy. Fl. Oct-Nov.
Mountain slopes, moist shaded areas; 600-1400 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, S Yunnan [NE India, Thailand].




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