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野波罗蜜Artocarpus lakoocha

时间:2013-10-16 21:32来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):野波罗蜜 学名( Scientific Name ): Artocarpus lakoocha Wall. ex Roxb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Artocarpus lacucha (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Artocar
中文名(Chinese Name):野波罗蜜
学名(Scientific Name):Artocarpus lakoocha Wall. ex Roxb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Artocarpus lacucha (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don  Artocarpus ficifolia W. T. Wang  Artocarpus yunnanensis Hu  Artocarpus benghalensis Roxb. ex Wall.  Artocarpus ficifolius W.T.Wang  Saccus lakoocha Kuntze  Saccus mollis Kuntze
科属(Family & Genus):桑科(Moraceae)波罗蜜属
形态特征(Description):乔木,高10-15米;小枝幼时密被淡褐色粗硬毛,后变无毛.。叶互生,宽椭圆形或 椭圆形,有时羽状分裂,长25-30厘米,宽15-20厘米,全缘或具细锯齿,先端钝尖, 基部宽楔形或微钝,表面粗糙,背面全部具黄色刚毛,侧脉10-12对,表面平,背面隆 起;叶柄长2-3厘米,密被黄色刚毛;托叶卵状披针形,长4-5厘米,膜质,表面密 被柔毛。花雌雄同株,雄花序卵形至椭圆形,长1-3.5 (-4)厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,具 总梗,苞片盾形,边缘具睫毛,花被深2裂,雄蕊1枚。聚花果近球形,直径约7厘米, 干后红褐色,表面被硬化的平伏刚毛。
分布Distribution):产云南(河口、金平、西双版纳),通常生于海拔130-650米左右石灰岩山地林中。 越南、老挝、尼泊尔、锡金、不丹、印度(东北部及安达曼群岛、尼可巴群岛)、缅甸有 分布,其中一变种见于北加里曼丹。
用途Use):木材好,可供建筑用材。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 5 Page 34      
Artocarpus lakoocha Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 524. 1832.
野波罗蜜 ye bo luo mi | Moraceae  | Artocarpus
Artocarpus ficifolius W. T. Wang; A. yunnanensis Hu.
Trees 10-15 m tall. Branchlets 3-6 mm thick, densely covered with stiff pale brown to yellow pubescence, glabrescent. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 4-5 cm, membranous, densely pubescent. Leaves distichous; petiole 2-3 cm, densely covered with yellow bristles; leaf blade broadly elliptic to elliptic, 25-30 × 15-20 cm, sometimes pinnately lobed, abaxially with yellow bristles, adaxially coarse, base broadly cuneate to obtuse, margin entire or with small teeth, apex obtuse; secondary veins (9-)10-12(-18) on each side of midvein, abaxially prominent, adaxially flat. Male inflorescences ovoid to ellipsoid, 1-3.5(-4) × 1.5-2 cm, pedunculate; bracts shield-shaped, margin ciliate. Male flowers: calyx deeply 2-lobed. Fruiting syncarp reddish brown when dry, ± globose, ca. 7 cm in diam., with bent bristles.
Forests on limestone mountains; 100-1300(-1800) m. S Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Vietnam].
The name is sometimes given as “Artocarpus lacucha” Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don, but this is not a valid name.


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