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南洋楹Falcataria moluccana

时间:2018-08-14 08:52来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):南洋楹 学名( Scientific Name ): Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby Grimes 英文名( English Common Name ): peacocksplume 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Albizia falcataria (Linn.) Fosberg
中文名(Chinese Name):南洋楹
学名(Scientific Name): Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby & Grimes
英文名(English Common Name):peacocksplume
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym): Albizia falcataria (Linn.) Fosberg  Adenanthera falcataria L.  Albizia moluccana Miq.  Adenanthera falcata L.  Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) I. C. Nielsen  Albizia falcatoria (L.)Fosberg  Paraserianthes falcatoria (L.)I.C.Nielsen  Adenanthera falcatoria L.  Albizia eymae Fosberg  Paraserianthes falcataria subsp. fulva (Lane-Poole)I.C.Nielsen  Paraserianthes falcataria subsp. falcataria (L.)I.C.Nielsen
科属(Family & Genus):含羞草科南洋楹属
形态特征(Description):常绿大乔木,树干通直,高可达45米;嫩枝圆柱状或微有棱,被柔毛。托叶锥形,早落。羽片6-20对,上部的通常对生,下部的有时互生;总叶柄基部及叶轴中部以上羽片着生处有腺体;小叶6-26对,无柄,菱状长圆形,长1-1.5厘米,宽3-6毫米,先端急尖,基部圆钝或近截形;中脉偏于上边缘。穗状花序腋生,单生或数个组成圆锥花序;花初白色,后变黄;花萼钟状,长2.5毫米;花瓣长5-7毫米,密被短柔毛,仅基部连合。荚果带形,长10-13厘米,宽1.3-2.3厘米,熟时开裂;种子多颗,长约7毫米,宽约3毫米。花期4-7月。
分布(Distribution):原产马六甲及印度尼西亚马鲁古群岛,现广植于各热带地区。我国华东南部、华南及西南有栽培。
用途(Use):本种生长迅速,是一种很好的速生树种,多植为庭园树和行道树。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 61     
Falcataria moluccana (Miquel) Barneby & J. W. Grimes, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74: 255. 1996.
南洋楹 nan yang ying| Fabaceae  | Falcataria
Albizia moluccana Miquel, Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 26. 1855; Adenanthera falcataria Linnaeus; Albizia falcata (Linnaeus) Backer; A. falcataria (Linnaeus) Fosberg; Paraserianthes fal­cataria (Linnaeus) I. C. Nielsen.
Trees, large, to 45 m tall. Branchlets minutely pubescent with many tiny, pale lenticels. Stipules caducous, small; leaf rachis to 40 cm, usually with a large, oval, disk-shaped gland near base; pinnae 6-20 pairs, densely rusty tomentose, to 10 cm; leaflets 6-26 pairs, sessile, slightly falcate, obliquely ob­long, 1-1.5 cm × 3-6 mm, abaxially sparsely (densely so on veins) puberulent, adaxially glabrous, midvein at ca. 1/4 lamina width along distal margin, other basal veins conspicuous, base obtuse-rounded or nearly cuneate, apex acute. Spike solitary, axillary, or several arranged in a panicle. Flowers greenish yel­low to cream. Calyx broadly campanulate or hemispherical, ca. 2.5 mm, sericeous, with small teeth. Corolla 5-7 mm, serice­ous; lobes oblong-ovate, 2.4-4 mm. Stamens ca. 1 cm. Legume straight, strap-shaped, flat, 10-13 × 1.3-2.3 cm, late dehiscent through both sutures. Seeds 10-15, compressed ellipsoid, ca. 7 × 3 mm; testa brown, with narrow U-shaped pleurogram. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Sep-Dec. 2n = 26*.
Cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [In­donesia (Maluku Islands), New Guinea (including New Britain); Pacific islands (Solomon Islands)].
This species is grown as an ornamental and is widely planted in tropical countries as a fast-growing timber tree.






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