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海红豆Adenanthera microsperma

时间:2018-08-14 08:01来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):海红豆 学名( Scientific Name ): Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. Binn. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 红豆、孔雀豆 异名( Synonym ): Adenanthera pavonina var. microsperma (Te
中文名(Chinese Name):海红豆
学名(Scientific Name):Adenanthera microsperma Teijsm. & Binn.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):红豆、孔雀豆
异名(Synonym):Adenanthera pavonina var. microsperma (Teijsm. et Binnend.) Nielsen  Corallaria parvifolia Rumph.  Adenanthera microsperma var. luteosemiralis G.A. Fu & Y.K. Yang
科属Family & Genus):含羞草科,Mimosaceae海红豆属
形态特征Description):落叶乔木,高5-20余米;嫩枝被微柔毛。二回羽状复叶;叶柄和叶轴被微柔毛,无腺体;羽片3-5对,小叶4-7对,互生,长圆形或卵形,长2.5=3.5厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,两端圆钝,两面均被微柔毛,具短柄。总状花序单生于叶腋或在枝顶排成圆锥花序,被短柔毛;花小,白色或黄色,有香味,具短梗;花萼长不足1毫米,与花梗同被金黄色柔毛;花瓣披针形,长2.5-3毫米,无毛,基部稍合生;雄蕊10枚,与花冠等长或稍长;子房被柔毛,几无柄,花柱丝状,柱头小。荚果狭长圆形,盘旋,长10-20厘米,宽1.2-1.4厘米,开裂后果瓣旋卷;种子近圆形至椭圆形,长5-8毫米,宽4.5-7毫米,鲜红色,有光泽。花期4-7月;果期7-10月。
分布(Distribution):产云南、贵州、广西、广东、福建和台湾。多生于山沟、溪边、林中或栽培于园庭。缅甸、柬埔寨、老挝、越南、马来西亚、印度尼西亚也有。
用途(Use):心材暗褐色,质坚而耐腐,可为支柱、船舶、建筑用材和箱板;种子鲜红色而光亮,甚为美丽,可作装饰品。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 51
Adenanthera microsperma Teijsmann & Binnendijk, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië. 27: 58. 1864.
海红豆 hai hong dou | Fabaceae  | Adenanthera
Adenanthera microsperma var. luteosemiralis G. A. Fu & Y. K. Yang; A. pavonina Linnaeus var. luteosemiralis (G. A. Fu & Y. K. Yang) X. Y. Zhu; A. pavonina var. microsperma (Teijs­mann & Binnendijk) I. C. Nielsen.
Trees, deciduous, 5-20 m tall. Branchlets puberulent. Peti­ole and rachis puberulent; pinnae 3-5 pairs; leaflets 4-7 pairs, with short petiolules, alternate, oblong or ovate, 2.5-3.5 × 1.5-2.5 cm, both surfaces puberulent, both ends rounded-obtuse. Racemes simple, axillary or arranged in panicles at apices of branchlets, puberulent. Flowers white or yellow, small, fragrant, shortly pedicellate. Calyx less than 1 mm, together with pedicel golden yellow puberulent. Petals oblong, 2.5-3.5 mm, usually glabrous but occasionally puberulent toward apex, slightly con­nate at base. Stamens 3-4.5 mm; anthers ca. 0.5 mm. Ovary nearly sessile, villous; style filiform; stigma small. Legume nar­rowly oblong, 10-20 × 1.2-1.4 cm, valves contorted after de­hiscence. Seeds scarlet or yellow, suborbicular to ellipsoidal, 5-8 × 4.5-7 mm. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Jul-Oct.
Valleys, along streams, forests, cultivated in gardens; sea level to 1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Taiwan, Yun­nan [Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet­nam].






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