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玉蕊Barringtonia racemosa

时间:2013-09-26 12:23来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):玉蕊 学名( Scientific Name ): Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 水茄苳 异名( Synonym ): Barringtonia racemosa var. elongata Blume Butonica a
中文名(Chinese Name):玉蕊
学名(Scientific Name):Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):水茄苳
异名(Synonym):Barringtonia racemosa var. elongata Blume  Butonica alba Miers  Stravadium racemosum Sweet  Butonica apiculata Miers  Barringtonia timorensis Blume  Barringtonia terrestris R. Knuth  Barringtonia stravadium Blanco  Barringtonia salomonensis Rech.  Barringtonia rumphiana R. Knuth  Barringtonia rosata R. Knuth  Barringtonia rosaria Oken  Huttum racemosum Britten  Butonica rosata Miers  Butonica rumphiana Miers  Butonica inclyta Miers  Barringtonia longiracemosa C.T.White  Barringtonia lageniformis Merr. & L.M.Perry  Stravadium obtusangulum Blume  Stravadium album Pers., nom. illeg.  Barringtonia elongata Korth.  Barringtonia inclyta Miers ex B.D.Jacks., pro syn.  Butonica ceylanica Miers  Butonica racemosa Juss.  Barringtonia obtusangula R. Knuth  Barringtonia pallida Koord. & Valeton  Barringtonia celebesensis R. Knuth  Michelia racemosa Kuntze  Megadendron ambiguum Miers  Megadendron pallidum Miers, pro parte quoad flores  Michelia rosata Kuntze  Michelia apiculata Kuntze  Menichea rosata Sonn.  Michelia ceylanica Kuntze  Michelia timorensis Kuntze  Butonica caffra Miers  Barringtonia ceylanica Gardner ex C.B.Clarke  Barringtonia ceramensis R. Knuth, pro parte quoad fructus  Butonica terrestris Miers  Barringtonia racemosa var. minor Blume  Barringtonia racemosa var. subcuneata Miq.  Barringtonia racemosa var. procera Blume
科属(Family & Genus):玉蕊科(Lecythidaceae)玉蕊属
形态特征(Description):常绿小乔木或中等大乔木,稀灌木状,高可达20米;小枝稍粗壮,直径3-6毫米,干燥时灰褐色。叶常丛生枝顶,有短柄,纸质,倒卵形至倒卵状椭圆形或倒卵状矩圆形,长12-30厘米或更长,宽4-10厘米,顶端短尖至渐尖,基部钝形,常微心形,边缘有圆齿状小锯齿;侧脉10-15对,稍粗大,两面凸起,网脉清晰。总状花序顶生,稀在老枝上侧生,下垂,长达70厘米或更长,总梗直径2-5毫米;花疏生,花梗长0.5-1.5厘米或稍过之;苞片小而早落;萼撕裂为2-4片,裂片等大或不等大,椭圆形至近圆形,长0.7-1.3厘米;花瓣4,椭圆形至卵状披针形,长1.5-2.5厘米;雄蕊通常6轮,最内轮为不育雄蕊,发育雄蕊花丝长3-4.5厘米左右;子房常3-4室,隔膜完全,胚珠每室2-3颗。果实卵圆形,长5-7厘米,直径2-4.5厘米,微具4钝棱,果皮厚3-12毫米,稍肉质,内含网状交织纤维束;种子卵形,长2-4厘米。花期几乎全年。
分布(Distribution):产我国台湾(台北、台中和台东等地)、和广东(海南岛);生滨海地区林中。广布于非洲、亚洲和大洋洲的热带、亚热带地区。
用途(Use):据文献记载,树皮纤维可做绳索,木材供建筑;根可退热,果实可止咳。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 293
Barringtonia racemosa (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 127. 1826.
玉蕊 yu rui| Lecythidaceae  | Barringtonia
Eugenia racemosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 471. 1753; Barringtonia ceylanica (Miers) Gardner ex C. B. Clarke; B. elon gata Korthals; B. timorensis Blume; Butonica apiculata Miers; B. ceylanica Miers; B. inclyta Miers; B. terrestris Miers.
Shrubs or trees to 27 m tall. Branches pendulous, gray-brown; bark smooth or fissured. Leaves petiolate; petiole 2-15 mm, winged; leaf blade obovate-oblong, 20-35 × 6-14 cm, base cuneate, margin serrate-crenulate, apex acute or acumi-nate. Racemes usually terminal or in axils of fallen leaves, pendulous, many flowered; bracts triangular, 5-6 mm; bracteoles triangular, 1.5-2 mm. Pedicel to 2.5 cm. Flowers 6-9 mm. Calyx 2-4-lobed, 10-12 cm at anthesis; tube ca. 2.5 mm. Petals 4, green or tinged red or yellow, oblong, 1-1.3 × 0.5-0.8 cm. Stamens in 5 or 6 whorls, innermost sterile; tube 3.5-6 mm; filaments red, proximally white or pink, 3-3.5 cm; staminodes 10-13 mm. Ovary 2-4-loculed, 1.5-3.5 mm; ovules 2 or 3 per locule; style 4-6 cm. Fruit ovoid-cylindric, 4-angled, 5-9 × 3-4 cm; pericarp fibrous but somewhat fleshy. Seed ovoid, 2-4 cm. Fl. and fr. almost year-round. 2n = 52.
Seashores, along tidal rivers, estuaries. Hainan, Taiwan [Japan; Australia, Old World tropics].




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