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枫香Liquidambar formosana

时间:2018-06-27 13:40来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):枫香 学名( Scientific Name ): Liquidambar formosana Hance 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Liquidambar formosana var. monticola Rehd. et Wils. Liquidambar ac
中文名(Chinese Name):枫香
学名(Scientific Name):Liquidambar formosana Hance
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Liquidambar formosana var. monticola Rehd. et Wils.  Liquidambar acerifolia Maxim.  Liquidambar maximowiczii Miq.  Liquidambar tonkinensis A. Chev.
科属(Family & Genus):金缕梅科(Hamamelidaceae)枫香树属
形态特征(Description):落叶乔木,高达30米,胸径最大可达1米,树皮灰褐色,方块状剥落;小枝干后灰色,被柔毛,略有皮孔;芽体卵形,长约1厘米,略被微毛,鳞状苞片敷有树脂,干后棕黑色,有光泽。叶薄革质,阔卵形,掌状3裂,中央裂片较长,先端尾状渐尖;两侧裂片平展;基部心形;上面绿色,干后灰绿色,不发亮;下面有短柔毛,或变秃净仅在脉腋间有毛;掌状脉3-5条,在上下两面均显著,网脉明显可见;边缘有锯齿,齿尖有腺状突;叶柄长达11厘米,常有短柔毛;托叶线形,游离,或略与叶柄连生,长1-1.4厘米,红褐色,被毛,早落。雄性短穗状花序常多个排成总状,雄蕊多数,花丝不等长,花药比花丝略短。雌性头状花序有花24-43朵,花序柄长3-6厘米,偶有皮孔,无腺体;萼齿4-7个,针形,长4-8毫米,子房下半部藏在头状花序轴内,上半部游离,有柔毛,花柱长6-10毫米,先端常卷曲。头状果序圆球形,木质,直径3-4厘米;蒴果下半部藏于花序轴内,有宿存花柱及针刺状萼齿。种子多数,褐色,多角形或有窄翅。
分布(Distribution):产我国秦岭及淮河以南各省,北起河南、山东,东至台湾,西至四川、云南及西藏,南至广东;越南、老挝及朝鲜也有。
用途(Use):树脂供药用,能解毒止痛,止血生肌;根、叶及果实亦入药,有祛风除湿,通络活血功效。木材稍坚硬,可制家具及贵重商品的装箱。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 9 Page 22
Liquidambar formosana Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5. 5: 215. 1886.
枫香树 feng xiang shu| Hamamelidaceae  | Liquidambar
Liquidambar acerifolia Maximowicz; L. formosana var. monticola Rehder & E. H. Wilson; L. maximowiczii Miquel; L. tonkinensis A. Chevalier.
Trees to 30 m tall, trunk sometimes 1 m in diam.; bark gray-brown; branchlets pubescent or glabrous, somewhat lenticellate; buds ovoid, 1 cm, puberulent. Stipules red, nearly free or adnate to petiole, 1–1.4 cm; petiole 8–12 cm, pubescent; leaf blade broadly ovate, palmately 3-lobed and 3-veined, central lobe longer, abaxially usually drying gray-white, pubescent or glabrous, base rounded, margin glandular serrate, apex caudate-acuminate, cordate, subcordate or truncate, veins prominent on both surfaces. Male inflorescence a short spike, several arranged in a raceme. Female inflorescence 24–43-flowered; peduncle 3–6 cm, occasionally lenticellate, eglandular. Male flowers: stamens many, filaments unequal, anthers slightly shorter than filaments. Female flowers: staminode teeth 4–7, needlelike, 4–8 mm; ovary pubescent, styles 6–10 mm, usually coiled backwards. Infructescence globose, 3–4 cm wide. Capsules with persistent staminodes. Seeds many, brown. Fl. Mar–Jun, fr. Jul–Sep.
Sunny places, near villages, montane forests; 500--800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [S Korea, Laos, N Vietnam]. Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [S Korea, Laos, N Vietnam].










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