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乌岗栎Quercus phillyraeoides

时间:2013-09-11 10:35来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):乌岗栎 学名( Scientific Name ): Quercus phillyraeoides A. Gray 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Quercus phillyraeoides A. Gray Maesa singuliflora H. Lv. Quer
中文名(Chinese Name):乌岗栎
学名(Scientific Name):Quercus phillyraeoides A. Gray
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Quercus phillyraeoides A. Gray  Maesa singuliflora H. Lév.  Quercus fokienensis Nakai  Quercus fooningensis Hu et W. C. Cheng  Quercus myricifolia Hu et W. C. Cheng  Quercus phillyreoides subsp. fokienensis (Nakai) Menitsky  Quercus singuliflora A. Camus  Quercus lichuanensis W. C. Cheng  Quercus ilex var. phillyreoides (A. Gray) Franch.  Quercus pillyraeoides A.Gray  Quercus tinfanensis A.Camus  Quercus wrightii Nakai  Quercus phillyreoides var. sinensis Schottky  Quercus phillyreoides var. wrightii (Nakai) Menitsky  Quercus phillyreoides var. subcrispa Makino  Quercus phillyreoides var. crispa Matsum.  Quercus phillyreoides f. wrightii (Nakai) Kitam. & T.Horik.  Quercus phillyreoides f. crispa (Matsum.) Kitam. & T.Horik.
科属(Family & Genus):壳斗科(Fagaceae)栎属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木或小乔木,高达10米。小枝纤细,灰褐色,幼时有短绒毛,后渐无毛。叶片革质,倒卵形或窄椭圆形,长2-6 (-8)厘米,宽1.5-3厘米,顶端钝尖或短渐尖,基部圆形或近心形,叶缘中部以上具疏锯齿,两面同为绿色,老叶两面无毛或仅叶背中脉被疏柔毛,侧脉每边8-13条;叶柄长3-5毫米,被疏柔毛。雄花序长2.5-4厘米,纤细,花序轴被黄褐色绒毛;雌花序长1-4厘米,花柱长1.5毫米,柱头2-5裂。壳斗杯形,包着坚果1/2-2/3,直径1-1.2厘米,高6-8毫米;小苞片三角形,长约1毫米,覆瓦状排列紧密,除顶端外被灰白色柔毛,果长椭圆形,高1.5-1.8厘米,径约8毫米,果脐平坦或微突起,直径3-4毫米。花期3-4月,果期9-10月。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南部。生于海拔300-1200米的山坡、山顶和山谷密林中,常生于山地岩石上。日本也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 378
Quercus phillyreoides A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s. 6: 406. 1859.
乌冈栎 wu gang li  | Fagaceae  | Quercus
Maesa singuliflora H. Léveillé; Quercus fokienensis Nakai; Q. fooningensis Hu & W. C. Cheng; Q. ilex Linnaeus var. phillyreoides (A. Gray) Franchet; Q. lichuanensis W. C. Cheng; Q. myricifolia Hu & W. C. Cheng; Q. phillyreoides subsp. fokienensis (Nakai) Menitsky; Q. singuliflora (H. Léveillé) A. Camus.
Shrubs or trees to 10 m tall, evergreen. Branchlets slender, grayish brown pubescent, gradually glabrescent. Petiole 3-5 mm, pilose; leaf blade green, obovate, narrowly elliptic, or narrowly ovate, 2-6(-8) × 1.5-3 cm, glabrescent or midvein abaxially remaining pilose with age, base rounded to nearly cordate, margin glandular serrulate, apex mucronate to shortly acuminate; secondary veins 8-13 on each side of midvein; tertiary veins abaxially inconspicuous to evident but very slender. Female inflorescences 1-4 cm. Cupule cupular, 6-8 mm × 1-1.2 cm, enclosing 1/3-1/2 of nut; bracts triangular, ca. 1 mm, crowded, grayish pubescent except for apex. Nut ellipsoid, 1-2 × 0.5-1 cm; scar 3-4 mm in diam., flat or slightly raised; stylopodium ca. 1 mm in diam., easily broken. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Sep-Oct.
Mixed mesophytic forests; 300-1200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea]





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