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黄花夹竹桃Thevetia peruviana

时间:2013-07-16 09:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 黄花夹竹桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum. 英文名( English Common Name ): luckynut 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 酒杯花、黄花状元竹 异名( Synonym ): Cascabela thevetia (L.




中文名(Chinese Name):黄花夹竹桃
学名(Scientific Name):Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum.
英文名(English Common Name):luckynut
别名(Chinese Common Name):酒杯花、黄花状元竹
异名(Synonym):Cascabela thevetia (L.) Lippold;Cerbera peruviana Pers.;Cerbera thevetia L. 
科属Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)黄花夹竹桃属
形态特征Description):乔木,高达5米,全株无毛;树皮棕褐色,皮孔明显;多枝柔软,小枝下垂;全株具丰富乳汁。叶互生,近革质,无柄,线形或线状披针形,两端长尖,长10-15厘米,宽5-12毫米,光亮,全缘,边稍背卷;中脉在叶面下陷,在叶背凸起,侧脉两面不明显。花大,黄色,具香味,顶生聚伞花序,长5-9厘米;花梗长2-4厘米;花萼绿色,5裂、裂片三角形,长5-9毫米,宽1.5-3毫米;花冠漏斗状,花冠筒喉部具5个被毛的鳞片,花冠裂片向左覆盖,比花冠筒长:雄蕊着生于花冠筒的喉部,花丝丝状;子房无毛, 2裂,胚珠每室2颗,柱头圆形,端部2裂。核果扁三角状球形,直径2.5-4厘米,内果皮木质,生时绿色而亮,干时黑色;种子2-4颗。花期5-12月,果期8月-翌年春季。
分布(Distribution):产美洲热带地区,现世界热带及亚热带广为栽培。
用途(Use):为一美丽的绿化植物。树液和种子有毒,误食可致命。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 164
Thevetia peruviana (Persoon) K. Schumann in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(2): 159. 1895.
黄花夹竹桃 huang hua jia zhu tao| Apocynaceae  | Thevetia
Cerbera peruviana Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 267. 1805; Cascabela thevetia (Linnaeus) Lippold; Cerbera thevetia Linnaeus; Thevetia linearis A. de Candolle; T. neriifolia Jussieu ex Steudel, nom. invalid.; T. neriifolia Jussieu ex A. de Candolle; T. thevetia (Linnaeus) Millspaugh.
Trees to 6 m tall. Bark chocolate-brown, lenticellate; lower branches pendulous, young branches greenish gray. Petiole ca. 3 mm; leaf blades lustrous green adaxially, light green abaxially, very narrowly oblong, 10-15 X 0.5-1.2 cm, somewhat leathery, glabrous, apex acuminate, lateral veins obscure. Pedicel 2.5-5 cm. Flowers fragrant. Sepals green, narrowly triangular, apex acuminate. Corolla 6-7 X 4.5-5.5 cm; tube 4-5 cm, shorter than lobes; corona scales present, connected by a transverse row of long white hairs, lobes obliquely obovate. Drupes compressed triangular-globose, 2.5-4 cm in diam. Seeds light gray, lenticular, ca. 2 X 3.5 cm. Fl. May-Dec. 2n = 20.
Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [native to Central and South America]
Cultivated for medicine. The sap and seeds are deadly poison-ous to domestic animals. The seeds yield oil for industry and soap making. The bark is a powerful antiperiodic and febrifuge. A handsome ornamental.
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