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樟叶槭Acer coriaceifolium

时间:2013-07-15 16:38来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
樟叶槭,Acer coriaceifolium,桂叶槭







中文名(Chinese Name):樟叶槭
学名(Scientific Name):Acer coriaceifolium Lévl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):桂叶槭
异名(Synonym):Acer cinnamomifolium Hayata  Acer coriaceifolium var. microcarpum Fang et S. S. Chang  Acer cinnamomifolium var. microphyllum Hayata  Acer coriaceifolia H. Lév.  Acer oblongum var. macrocarpum Hu  Acer oblongum var. macrocarum Hu
科属(Family & Genus):槭树科Aceraceae槭属Acer
形态特征(Description):常绿乔木,常高10米,稀达20米。树皮淡黑褐色或淡黑灰色。小枝细瘦,当年生枝淡紫褐色,被浓密的绒毛;多年生枝淡红褐色或褐黑色,近于无毛,皮孔小,卵形或圆形,叶革质,长圆椭圆形或长圆披针形,长8-12厘米,宽4-5厘米,基部圆形、钝形或阔楔形,先端钝形,具有短尖头,全缘或近于全缘;上面绿色,无毛,下面淡绿色或淡黄绿色,被白粉和淡褐色绒毛,长成时毛渐减少;主脉在上面凹下,在下面凸起,侧脉3-4对,在上面微凹下,在下面显著,最下一对侧脉由叶的基部生出,与中肋在基部共成3脉;叶柄长1.5-3-5厘米,淡紫色,被绒毛。花的特性未详。翅果淡黄褐色,常成被绒毛的伞房果序;小坚果凸起,长7毫米,宽4毫米;翅和小坚果长2.8-3.2厘米,张开成锐角或近于直角;果梗长2-2.5厘米,细瘦,被绒毛。花期不明,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江南部、福建、江西、湖北西南部、湖南、贵州、广东北部和广西东北部。生于海拔300-1200米比较潮湿的阔叶林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 11 Page 533, 536      
Acer coriaceifolium H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 433. 1912.
樟叶枫 zhang ye feng| Aceraceae  | Acer
Acer cinnamomifolium Hayata; A. cinnamomifolium var. microphyllum W. P. Fang & S. Y. Liang; A. coriaceifolium var. microcarpum W. P. Fang & S. S. Chang; A. oblongum Wallich ex Candolle var. macrocarpum Hu.
Trees to 15 m tall. Bark blackish gray or blackish brown; lenticels ovate or oblong-ovate; winter buds brown, scales ovate, tomentose along margin. Leaves persistent; petiole 1.5-3 cm, slender, tomentose; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially dark green, ovate-oblong or rarely lanceolate, 8-12 × 2.5-5 cm, leathery, abaxially tomentose, less so when mature, adaxially glabrous, lateral veins 5 or 6 pairs, base broadly cuneate, cuneate, or rarely obtuse, margin entire, apex apiculate. Inflorescence terminal, corymbose. Pedicel ca. 1 cm, slender, tomentose. Flowers 5-merous. Sepals 5, light green, oblong, ca. 4 mm. Petals 5, light yellow, obovate, ca. as long as sepals. Stamens 8, longer than petals. Disk extrastaminal, white pubescent. Ovary white pubescent. Infructescence corymbose, tomentose. Fruit brownish yellow, tomentose when young, slightly so when mature; nutlets strongly convex, ca. 7 × 6 mm; wing including nutlet 2.8-3.5 cm × ca. 7 mm, wings spreading obtusely or acutely. Fl. Mar, fr. Aug.
● Forests; 1500-2500 m. S Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, N Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, SE Sichuan, Zhejiang.
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