织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 乔木 >

侧柏Platycladus orientalis

时间:2013-07-15 15:42来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
侧柏,Platycladus orientalis,香柏,扁桧







中文名(Chinese Name):侧柏
学名(Scientific Name): Platycladus orientalis (Linn.) Franco
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):香柏、扁桧
异名(Synonym):Biota orientalis (L.) Endl.;Platycladus stricta Spach;Thuja orientalis var. argyi Lemée et H. Lév.;Thuja orientalis L.;Thuja chengii Bordères et Gaussen;Thuja decora Salisb.;Thuja acuta Moench;Platycladus chengii (Bordères & Gaussen) A.V. Bobrov;Biota chengii (Bordères & Gaussen) Bordères & Gaussen;Biota coraeana Siebold ex Gordon;Biota dumosa Carrière;Biota elegantissima Beissn.;Biota ericoides Carrière  Biota excelsa Gordon;Biota falcata Carrière  Biota fortunei Carrière;Biota freneloides Gordon;Biota funiculata Gordon;Biota glauca Carrière  Biota gracilifolia Knight;Biota intermedia Gordon;Biota japonica Siebold ex Gordon;Biota macrocarpa Gordon;Biota meldensis M.A.Lawson ex Gordon;Biota nepalensis Endl. ex Gordon;Biota orientalis f. sieboldii W.C.Cheng & W.T.Wang;Biota orientalis var. beverleyensis Hu;Biota orientalis var. cristata Carrière;Biota orientalis var. cupressoides Carrière;Biota orientalis var. falcata Carrière;Biota orientalis var. fernandiana Lavallée;Biota orientalis var. flagelliformis (Jacques) Hoopes;Biota orientalis var. pendula (Thunb.) Carrière;Biota pendula (Thunb.) Endl.  Biota prostrata Gordon;Biota pyramidalis Carrière;Biota semperaurescens Beissn.;Biota stricta (Spach) Lindl. & Gordon;Biota tatarica Lindl. & Gordon;Biota variegata Gordon;Biota wareana Gordon;Biota zuccarinii Siebold ex Carrière;Cupressus filiformis Beissn.;Chamaecyparis glauca Carrière;Cupressus thuja O.Targ.Tozz.;Platycladus orientalis subsp. chengii (Bordères & Gaussen) Silba;Retinispora decurvata Carrière;Retinispora decussata Gordon;Retinispora ericoides Zucc. ex Gordon;Retinispora flavescens Beissn.;Retinispora juniperoides Carrière;Retinispora recurvata Mast.;Retinispora rigida Carrière;Thuja antarctica Gordon;Thuja argentea Carrière  Thuja aurea Carrière;Thuja dumosa Gordon;Thuja elegantissima Gordon;Thuja expansa Laws. ex K.Koch;Thuja filiformis Lodd. ex Lindl.;Thuja fortunei Carrière;Thuja freneloides Carrière;Thuja funiculata Gordon;Thuja glauca Carrière;Thuja gracilifolia Knight ex Parl.;Thuja hybrida Carrière;Thuja intermedia Gordon;Thuja meldensis Quetier;Widdringtonia glauca (Carrière) Carrière;Thuja monstrosa Gordon;Thuja nepalensis Lodd. ex Carrière;Thuja orientalis var. flagelliformis Jacques;Thuja orientalis var. mexicana Dummer;Thuja pygmaea Carrière;Thuja pyramidalis Ten.;Thuja semperaurea Beissn.;Thuja semperaurescens K.Koch;Thuja stricta Gordon  Thuja verschaffeltii Parl.;Thuja zuccariniana Voss  
科属(Family & Genus柏科(Cupressaceae)侧柏属(Platycladus
形态特征(Description):乔木,高达20余米,胸径1米;树皮薄,浅灰褐色,纵裂成条片;枝条向上伸展或斜展,幼树树冠卵状尖塔形,老树树冠则为广圆形;生鳞叶的小枝细,向上直展或斜展,扁平,排成一平面。叶鳞形,长1-3毫米,先端微钝,小枝中央的叶的露出部分呈倒卵状菱形或斜方形,背面中间有条状腺槽,两侧的叶船形,先端微内曲,背部有钝脊,尖头的下方有腺点。雄球花黄色,卵圆形,长约2毫米;雌球花近球形,径约2毫米,蓝绿色,被白粉。球果近卵圆形,长1.5-2(-2.5)厘米,成熟前近肉质,蓝绿色,被白粉,成熟后木质,开裂,红褐色;中间两对种鳞倒卵形或椭圆形,鳞背顶端的下方有一向外弯曲的尖头,上部1对种鳞窄长,近柱状,顶端有向上的尖头,下部1对种鳞极小,长达13毫米,稀退化而不显著;种子卵圆形或近椭圆形,顶端微尖,灰褐色或紫褐色,长6-8毫米,稍有棱脊,无翅或有极窄之翅。花期3-4月,球果10月成熟。
分布(Distribution):产于内蒙古南部、吉林、辽宁、河北、山西、山东、江苏、浙江、福建、安徽、江西、河南、陕西、甘肃、四川、云南、贵州、湖北、湖南、广东北部及广西北部等省区。西藏德庆、达孜等地有栽培。在吉林垂直分布达海拔250米,在河北、山东、山西等地达1000-1200米,在河南、陕西等地达1500米,在云南中部及西北部达3300米。河北兴隆、山西太行山区、陕西秦岭以北渭河流域及云南澜沧江流域山谷中有天然森林。淮河以北、华北地区石炭岩山地、阳坡及平原多选用造林。朝鲜也有分布。
用途(Use):木材淡黄褐色,富树脂,材质细密,纹理斜行,耐腐力强,比重0.58,坚实耐用。可供建筑、器具、家具、农具及文具等用材。种子与生鳞叶的小枝入药,前者为强壮滋补药,后者为健胃药,又为清凉收敛药及淋疾的利尿药。常栽培作庭园树。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4
Platycladus orientalis (Linnaeus) Franco, Portugaliae Acta Biol., ser. B, Sist. Vol. "Júlio Henriques". 33. 1949.
侧柏 ce bai| Cupressaceae  | Platycladus
Thuja orientalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1002. 1753; Biota orientalis (Linnaeus) Endlicher; Platycladus stricta Spach; Thuja chengii Borderes & Gaussen; T. orientalis var. argyi Lemee & H. Léveillé.
Trees to more than 20 m tall; trunk to 1 m (or more) d.b.h.; bark reddish brown to light grayish brown, thin, flaking in long strips; crown ovoid-pyramidal when young, broadly rounded or irregular when old. Leaves 1-3 mm, apex bluntly pointed; facial leaves rhomboid, with a conspicuous, linear, glandular groove at center abaxially; lateral leaves overlapping facial ones, boat-shaped, ridged, apex slightly incurved. Pollen cones yellowish green, ovoid, 2-3 mm. Seed cones when immature bluish green, subglobose, ca. 3 mm in diam., when ripe reddish brown, subovoid, 1.5-2(-2.5) × 1-1.8 cm; proximal 2 fertile cone scales 2-seeded, distal 2 fertile scales 1-seeded. Seeds grayish brown or purplish brown, ovoid or subellipsoid, 5-7 × 3-4 mm, slightly ridged. Pollination Mar-Apr, seed maturity Oct.
Natural occurrences are difficult to distinguish from local introductions, owing to extensive cultivation and planting in the past; 300-3300 m. Native in S Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi, Shanxi; introduced or status uncertain in Anhui, Fujian, N Guangdong, N Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, S Nei Mongol, Shandong, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea, E Russia].

(责任编辑:徐晔春)
顶一下
(3)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容