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日本花柏Chamaecyparis pisifera

时间:2013-07-15 15:25来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
日本花柏,Chamaecyparis pisifera,花柏




中文名(Chinese Name):日本花柏
学名(Scientific Name): Chamaecyparis pisifera (Sieb. et Zucc.) Endl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):花柏
异名(Synonym): Retinispora pisifera Siebold et Zucc.  Cupressus pisifera (Siebold et Zucc.) F. Muell.  Thuja pisifera (Siebold et Zucc.) Mast.  Chamaecyparis pisifera f. plumosa (Ed.Otto) Beissn.  Chamaecyparis pisifera f. squarrosa Beissn. & Hochst.  Chamaecyparis pisifera var. filifera Hartw. & Rümpler  Chamaecyparis pisifera var. plumosa Ed.Otto  Chamaecyparis plumosa (Ed.Otto) Beissn.  Cupressus pisifera var. filiera (Hartw. & Rümpler) Lavallée  Retinispora lycopodioides Gordon  Retinispora plumosa Carrière  Retinispora squarrosa Siebold & Zucc.  Retinispora stricta Gordon
科属(Family & Genus):柏科Cupressaceae扁柏属Chamaecyparis
形态特征(Description):乔木,在原产地高达50米;树皮红褐色,裂成薄皮脱落;树冠尖塔形;生鳞叶小枝条扁平,排成一平面。鳞叶先端锐尖,侧面之叶较中间之叶稍长,小枝上面中央之叶深绿色,下面之叶有明显的白粉。球果圆球形,径约6毫米,熟时暗褐色;种鳞5-6对,顶部中央稍凹,有凸起的小尖头,发育的种鳞各有1-2粒种子;种子三角状卵圆形,有棱脊,两侧有宽翅,径约2-3毫米。
分布(Distribution):原产日本。
用途(Use):作庭园树,生长较慢。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 68 
Chamaecyparis pisifera (Siebold & Zuccarini) Endlicher, Syn. Conif. 64. 1847.
日本花柏 ri ben hua bai | Cupressaceae  | Chamaecyparis
Retinispora pisifera Siebold & Zuccarini, Fl. Jap. 2: 39. 1844.
Trees to 50 m tall; bark reddish brown; crown pyramidal. Leaves acute at apex; facial leaves with an obscure abaxial gland; leaves on upper and lowersides of branchlets glaucous; lateral leaves slightly longer than facial ones. Seed cones dark brown, globose, ca. 6 mm in diam.; cone scales 10-12, each fertile scale with 1 or 2 seeds. Seeds narrowly obovoid to transversely ellipsoid, ca. 2 mm; wing ca. 4 mm.
Cultivated for ornament. Guangxi, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [native to Japan]
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