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莲瓣兰Cymbidium tortisepalum

时间:2013-10-23 17:23来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):莲瓣兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Cymbidium tortisepalum Fukuy. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Cymbidium goeringii var. tortisepalum (Fukuyama) Y. S. Wu et S
中文名(Chinese Name):莲瓣兰
学名(Scientific Name):Cymbidium tortisepalum Fukuy.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Cymbidium goeringii var. tortisepalum (Fukuyama) Y. S. Wu et S. C. Chen  Cymbidium tsukengensis C. Chow  Cymbidium tortisepalum var. viridiflorum S. S. Ying  Cymbidium longibracteatum var. tortisepalum (Fukuy) Y. S. Wu  Cymbidium lianpan T. Tang et F. T. Wang ex Y. S. Wu 
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)兰属
形态特征(Description):
分布(Distribution):产台湾与云南西部,生于海拔800~2000米草坡或透光的林中或林缘。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 260, 263, 274,276, 277, 278
Cymbidium tortisepalum Fukuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 48: 304. 1934.
莲瓣兰 lian ban lan| Orchidaceae  | Cymbidium
Plants terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ellipsoid or ovoid, small, 1-2 × 0.5-1 cm, enclosed in leaf bases, with thick roots 5-10 mm in diam. Leaves 5-7(-10), stiff or flexuous, lorate, (30-)40-65 × 0.4-1.8 cm, thinly leathery, not articulate at base, margin serrulate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescence arising from near base of pseudobulb, erect, 20-30 cm; peduncle with several sheaths; rachis (2 or)3-7-flowered; floral bracts linear-lanceolate, usually 25-40 × 6-9 mm, exceeding ovary. Flowers scented, variable in color; pedicel and ovary 24-32 mm; sepals and petals usually pale greenish yellow or whitish; lip pale greenish yellow or whitish, sometimes with purplish red markings. Sepals oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 30-38 × 7-8 mm, apex acute, sometimes slightly twisted. Petals ovate-lanceolate or oblong, 25-30 × 8-9 mm, apex acute; lip ovate to elliptic, 18-20 × 8-10 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, small; mid-lobe recurved, ovate or broadly ovate, 10-11 × 9-10 mm; disk with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip almost to base of mid-lobe. Column 14-15 mm, with purplish striations on ventral surface; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs.
● Open forests, forest margins, grassy slopes, rocky and scrubby slopes; 800-2500 m. Guizhou, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan.






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