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兔耳兰Cymbidium lancifolium

时间:2013-10-23 17:17来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):兔耳兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Cymbidium lancifolium Hook. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Cymbidium lancifolium var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuy.) S. S. Ying
中文名(Chinese Name):兔耳兰
学名(Scientific Name):Cymbidium lancifolium Hook.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Cymbidium lancifolium var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuy.) S. S. Ying  Cymbidium syunitianum Fukuy.  Cymbidium aspidistrifolium Fukuy.  Cymbidium javanicum Blume  Cymbidium javanicum var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuy.) F. Maek.  Cymbidium nigrovenium Z. J. Liu et J. N. Zhang  Cymbidium papuanum Schltr.  Cymbidium maclehoseae S. Y. Hu  Cymbidium lancifolium var. syunitianum (Fukuy.) S. S. Ying  Cymbidium lancifolium var. papuanum (Schltr.) S. S. Ying  Cymbidiopsis lancifolia (Hook.) H.J.Chowdhery
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)兰属
形态特征(Description):半附生植物;假鳞茎近扁圆柱形或狭梭形,长2-7 (-15)厘米,宽5-10(-15)毫米,有节,多少裸露,顶端聚生2-4枚叶。叶倒披针状长圆形至狭椭圆形,长6-17厘米或更长,11.9-4(-6)厘米,先端渐尖,上部边缘有细齿,基部收狭为柄;叶柄长3-18厘米。花葶从假鳞茎下部侧面节上发出,直立,长8-20厘米或更长;花序具2-6朵花,较少减退为单花或具更多的花;花苞片披针形,长1-1.5厘米;花梗和子房长2-2.5厘米;花通常白色至淡绿色,花瓣上有紫栗色中脉,唇瓣上有紫栗色斑;萼片倒披针状长圆形,长2.2-2.7 (-3 )厘米,宽5-7毫米;花瓣近长圆形,长1.5-2.3厘米,宽5-7毫米;唇瓣近卵状长圆形,长1.5-2厘米,稍3裂;侧裂片直立,多少围抱蕊柱;中裂片外弯;唇盘上2条纵褶片从基部上方延伸至中裂片基部,上端向内倾斜并靠合,多少形成短管;蕊柱长约1.5厘米;花粉团4个,成2对。蒴果狭椭圆形,长约5厘米,宽约1.5厘米。花期5-8月。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南部,自喜马拉雅地区至东南亚以及日本南部和新几内亚岛均有分布。生于海拔300~2200米疏林下、竹林下、林缘、阔叶林下或溪谷旁的岩石上、树上或地上。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 261, 274, 276, 278,279, 280
Cymbidium lancifolium Hooker, Exot. Fl. 1: ad t. 51. 1823.
兔耳兰 tu er lan | Orchidaceae  | Cymbidium
Cymbidium aspidistrifolium Fukuyama; C. bambusifolium Fowlie (1986), not Roxburgh (1832); C. javanicum Blume; C. javanicum var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuyama) F. Maekawa; C. lancifolium f. aspidistrifolium (Fukuyama) T. P. Lin; C. lancifolium var. aspidistrifolium (Fukuyama) S. S. Ying; C. lancifolium var. papuanum (Schlechter) S. S. Ying; C. lancifolium var. syunitianum (Fukuyama) S. S. Ying; C. maclehoseae S. Y. Hu; C. nagifolium Masamune; C. papuanum Schlechter; C. syunitianum Fukuyama.
Plants lithophytic or terrestrial, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs usually somewhat tufted, cylindric to narrowly fusiform, usually tapering toward apex, slightly bilaterally flattened, 2-7(-15) × 0.5-1(-1.5) cm, several noded, naked. Leaves 2-4, borne at apex of pseudobulbs, oblanceolate-oblong to narrowly elliptic, 6-17(-25) × 1.9-4(-6) cm, base contracted into a petiole-like stalk, apical margin finely toothed, apex acuminate; petiole-like stalk 3-18 cm, articulate. Inflorescence lateral, arising from an intermediate node of pseudobulb, erect, 8-20 cm or longer; rachis (1 or)2-6-flowered; floral bracts lanceolate, 10-15 mm. Flowers usually not scented, 2-2.5 cm in diam.; pedicel and ovary 20-25 mm; sepals and petals white or pale green, midvein sometimes purplish brown; lip white or pale green with purplish brown markings. Sepals oblanceolate-oblong, 22-27(-30) × 5-7 mm, apex acute. Petals suboblong, 15-23 × 5-7 mm, apex acute; lip ovate-oblong, 15-20 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, obscurely 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect and loosely clasping column; mid-lobe recurved, broadly ovate, 6-11 × 6-12 mm; disk with 2 longitudinal lamellae extending from base of lip to base of mid-lobe; lamellae convergent toward their apices and forming a short tube. Column ca. 15 mm; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs. Capsule narrowly ellipsoid, ca. 50 × 15 mm. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Oct-Dec. 2n = 38*, 39, 40, 42.
Open forests, bamboo forests, forest margins, broad-leaved forests, humus-rich rocks along valleys; 300-2200 m. N Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, S Hunan, S Sichuan, Taiwan, SE Xizang, Yunnan, S Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam].


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