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纹瓣兰Cymbidium aloifolium

时间:2013-10-23 17:02来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):纹瓣兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Cymbidium aloifolium (Linn.) Sw. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Cymbidium simulans Rolfe Cymbidium atropurpureum (Lindl.) R
中文名(Chinese Name):纹瓣兰
学名(Scientific Name):Cymbidium aloifolium (Linn.) Sw.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Cymbidium simulans Rolfe  Cymbidium atropurpureum (Lindl.) Rolfe:T. K. Yen  Cymbidium pendulum (Roxb.) Sw  Aerides borassii Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.  Cymbidium intermedium H.G.Jones  Epidendrum aloides Curtis
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)兰属
形态特征(Description):附生植物;假鳞茎卵球形,长3-6(-10)厘米,宽2.5-4厘米,通常包藏于叶基之内。叶4-5枚,带形,厚革质,坚挺,略外弯,长40-90厘米,宽1.5-4厘米,先端不等的2圆裂或2钝裂,关节位于距基部8-16厘米处。花葶从假鳞茎基部穿鞘而出,下垂,长20-60厘米;总状花序具(15-)20-35朵花;花苞片长2-5毫米;花梗和子房长1.2-2厘米;花略小,稍有香气;萼片与花瓣淡黄色至奶油黄色,中央有1条栗褐色宽带和若干条纹,唇瓣白色或奶油黄色而密生栗褐色纵纹;萼片狭长圆形至狭椭圆形,长1.5-2厘米,宽4-6毫米;花瓣略短于萼片,狭椭圆形;唇瓣近卵形,长1.3-2厘米,3裂,基部多少囊状,上面有小乳突或微柔毛;侧裂片超出蕊柱与药帽之上,中裂片外弯;唇盘上有2条纵褶片,略弯曲,中部变窄或有时断开,末端和基部膨大;蕊柱长1-1.2厘米,略向前弧曲;花粉团2个。蒴果长圆状椭圆形,长3.5-6.5厘米,宽2-3厘米。花期4-5月,偶见10月。
分布(Distribution):产华南及西南地区,生于海拔100~1100米疏林中或灌木丛中树上或溪谷旁岩壁上。从斯里兰卡北至尼泊尔,东至印度尼西亚爪哇也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 262, 263,264
Cymbidium aloifolium (Linnaeus) Swartz, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 2. 6: 73. 1799.
纹瓣兰 wen ban lan | Orchidaceae  | Cymbidium
Epidendrum aloifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 953. 1753; Cymbidium pendulum (Roxburgh) Swartz; C. simulans Rolfe; E. pendulum Roxburgh.
Plants epiphytic, autotrophic. Pseudobulbs ovoid, bilaterally flattened, 3-6(-10) × 2.5-4 cm, usually enclosed in leaf bases. Leaves 4 or 5, lorate, 40-90 × 1.5-4(-6) cm, thickly leathery, articulate 8-16 cm from base, apex obtuse and unequally 2-lobed. Inflorescence arising from within sheaths at base of pseudobulb, pendulous, 20-60 cm; rachis (20-)25-35-flowered; floral bracts 2-5 mm. Flowers slightly fragrant, medium-sized; pedicel and ovary 12-20 mm; sepals and petals pale yellow to cream-yellow, with a broad, central maroon-brown stripe; lip white or cream-colored, with dense, maroon venation on lateral lobes and longitudinal maroon stripes on mid-lobe. Sepals spreading, narrowly oblong to narrowly elliptic, 15-20 × 4-6 mm, apex obtuse. Petals narrowly elliptic, 14-18 × 4-6 mm, apex obtuse to acute; lip subovate, 13-20 mm, not fused to basal margins of column, base slightly saccate, 3-lobed; lateral lobes acute, loosely clasping column and exceeding column and anther; mid-lobe recurved; disk minutely papillate or puberulent, with 2 sigmoid lamellae; lamellae usually broken in middle and inflated toward base and apex. Column slightly arcuate, 10-12 mm; pollinia 2. Capsule oblong-ellipsoid, 35-65 × 20-30 mm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Aug. 2n = 40*.
Large branches or tree trunks in open forests and thickets, cliffs along streamsides and valleys, rocks in monsoon forests; 100-1100 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S and SE Yunnan [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam].




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