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疣鞘贝母兰Coelogyne schultesii

时间:2013-10-23 16:54来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 疣鞘贝母兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Coelogyne schultesii Jain et Das 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 黄绿贝母 异名( Synonym ): Coelogyne longipes var. verruculata S. C. Che
中文名(Chinese Name):疣鞘贝母兰
学名(Scientific Name):Coelogyne schultesii Jain et Das
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):黄绿贝母
异名(Synonym):Coelogyne longipes var. verruculata S. C. Chen 
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)贝母兰属
形态特征(Description):根状茎直径5-7毫米,密被革质的鳞片状鞘,幼嫩假鳞茎鞘的背面常有小疣状突起。假鳞茎卵形至狭卵形,长2.5-6厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,干后具细皱纹,基部有鞘,顶端生2枚叶。叶狭椭圆形或狭长圆形,革质,长10-16厘米,宽1.3-2.7厘米,向两端收狭,先端渐尖;叶柄长3-7.5厘米。花葶发自已长成的假鳞茎顶端两叶之间,长12-45厘米,在花序基部下方、花序轴顶端以及有时在花序轴中部(由于连年发出新花序)均具多枚二列套叠的革质颖片;总状花序通常具3-6朵花;花序轴略左右曲折;花苞片早落;花梗和子房长1-1.2厘米;花暗绿黄色,唇瓣褐色;萼片狭卵状长圆形,长1.3-1.5厘米,宽约5毫米,先端急尖;花瓣线形或线状披针形,长1-1.1厘米,宽约1毫米,从基部向先端渐狭;唇瓣近卵状长圆形,长1-1.3厘米,近中部3裂;侧裂片半卵形;中裂片近宽长圆形,先端波状并微凹,上面有2条纵褶片;纵褶片长2-2.5毫米;蕊柱向前弯,长约1. 1厘米,上部有半圆形的翅;翅(一侧)长4-5毫米,宽约1.5毫米。花期7月。
分布(Distribution):产云南,生于海拔1200~2000米林中树上或岩石上
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 316, 319   
Coelogyne schultesii S. K. Jain & S. Das, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B. 87(5): 121. 1978.
疣鞘贝母兰 you qiao bei mu lan| Orchidaceae  | Coelogyne
Coelogyne longipes Lindley var. verruculata S. C. Chen.
Rhizome 5-7 mm in diam., with dense leathery scaly sheaths; sheaths surrounding young pseudobulb usually with small warts on abaxial surface. Pseudobulbs ovoid to narrowly ovoid, 2.5-6 × 1.5-2 cm, thinly wrinkled when dried, sheathing at base, with 2 leaves at apex. Leaf blade narrowly elliptic or narrowly oblong, 10-16 × 1.3-2.7 cm, leathery, narrowed toward both ends, apex acuminate; petiole 3-7.5 cm. Inflorescence hysteranthous, 12-45 cm, with imbricate, convolute, sheathing sterile bracts at interface between peduncle and rachis; rachis 3-6-flowered, slightly flexuose; floral bracts caducous; pedicel and ovary 1-1.2 cm; rachis continuing to develop and producing a further set of sterile bracts at interface between peduncle and rachis and flowers annually. Flowers dark green-yellow, with brown lip. Sepals narrowly ovate-oblong, 13-15 × ca. 5 mm, 5-7-veined, apex acute. Petals linear or linear-lanceolate, 10-11 × ca. 1 mm, 1-veined, attenuate from base to apex; lip nearly ovate-oblong, 10-13 mm, near middle 3-lobed; lateral lobes subovate; mid-lobe nearly broadly oblong, apex undulate and emarginate; callus with 2 longitudinal lamellae 2-2.5 mm. Column arcuate, ca. 11 mm, upper part with suborbicular wings; wings 4-5 mm, ca. 1.5 mm wide on one side. Fl. Jul. 2n = 40.
On trees in forests; ca. 1700 m. S and W Yunnan [Bhutan, NE India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].


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