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鸟舌兰 Ascocentrum ampullaceum

时间:2013-10-23 15:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):鸟舌兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Ascocentrum ampullaceum (Roxb.) Schltr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Aerides ampullacela Roxb. Oeceoclades ampullacea (Ro
中文名(Chinese Name):鸟舌兰
学名(Scientific Name):Ascocentrum ampullaceum (Roxb.) Schltr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Aerides ampullacela Roxb.  Oeceoclades ampullacea (Roxb.) Lindl. ex Voigt  Saccolabium ampullaceum (Roxb.) Lindl. ex Wall.  Aerides ampullacea Roxb.  Gastrochilus ampullaceus (Roxb.) Kuntze  Ascocentrum ampullaceum var. aurantiacum Pradhan
科属(Family & Genus):兰科(Orchidaceae)鸟舌兰属
形态特征(Description):植株高约10厘米。茎直立,粗壮,长1-4厘米,被叶鞘所包。叶厚革质,扁平,下部常V字形对折,上部稍向外弯,上面黄绿色带紫红色斑点,背面淡红色,狭长圆形,长5-20厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,先端截头状并且具不规则的3-4短齿,基部具关节和长1-1.5厘米的鞘。花序直立,比叶短,常2-4个,花序柄和花序轴深紫色或淡黄色带紫色,总状花序密生多数花;花苞片很小,卵状三角形,长约1毫米,先端急尖;花梗和子房淡黄色带紫,长13-15毫米;花在花蕾时黄绿色,开放后殊红色;萼片和花瓣近相似,宽卵形,长7-9毫米,宽4-6毫米,先端稍钝,全缘,具5条脉;唇瓣3裂;侧裂片黄色,很小,直立,近三角形,先端稍钝,前侧边缘内折;中裂片与距几直角向外伸展,狭长圆形,长约6毫米,宽1.2毫米,先端尖并且稍翘起,基部(在距口处)两侧各具1枚黄色的胼胝体;距淡黄色带紫晕,棒状圆筒形,与萼片近等长,粗约2.5毫米,下半部多少向后弯曲,末端圆形;蕊柱粗短,长约2毫米,硃红色而前面浅白色;蕊喙2裂,裂片尖齿状;药帽紫褐色,前端稍收狭,先端钝并且翘起;花粉团茄紫色,具狭扁而曲膝状的柄和近椭圆形的粘盘。花期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产云南,生于海拔1100~1500米的常绿阔叶林中树干上,东南亚也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 25 Page 502   
Ascocentrum ampullaceum (Roxburgh) Schlechter, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 975. 1913.
鸟舌兰 niao she lan| Orchidaceae  | Ascocentrum
Aerides ampullacea Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 3: 476. 1832; Gastrochilus ampullaceus (Roxburgh) Kuntze; Oeceoclades ampullacea (Roxburgh) Lindley ex Voigt; Saccolabium ampullaceum (Roxburgh) Lindley.
Stems erect, 1-4 cm, stout. Leaves usually 3 or 4, nearly basal; leaf blade abaxially ± tinged reddish, adaxially yellowish green with purplish red spots, narrowly oblong, 5-20 × 1-1.5 cm, flat, conduplicate in basal half, thickly leathery, apex praemorse. Inflorescences often 2-4, erect, 5-7 cm, shorter than leaves, many flowered; peduncle and rachis pale vermilion; floral bracts ovate-triangular, ca. 1 mm, acute. Flowers uniformly deep pinkish red, opening widely, 1.5-1.8 cm in diam., anther cap and pollinia purplish; pedicel and ovary pale vermilion, 13-15 mm. Sepals and petals broadly ovate, 7-9 × 4-6 mm, obtuse; lip 3-lobed; lateral lobes erect, subtriangular, very small, obtuse; mid-lobe narrowly oblong, or ligulate, 6-7 × 1-2 mm, apex obtuse to acute, base with 2 calli at spur entrance; spur pale, cylindric, 8-9 × ca. 2.5 mm, apical half ± curved and slightly dilated. Column ca. 2 mm, thick. Fl. Apr-May. 2n = 38.
Epiphytic on tree trunks in broad-leaved evergreen forests; 1100-1500 m. S and SE Yunnan [Bhutan, India (including Andaman Islands), Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].




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