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刺黑珠Berberis sargentiana

时间:2013-12-04 16:44来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 刺黑珠 学名( Scientific Name ): Berberis sargentiana Schneid. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Berberis recurvata Ahrendt Berberis simulans C. K. Schneid. B
中文名(Chinese Name):刺黑珠
学名(Scientific Name):Berberis sargentiana Schneid.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Berberis recurvata Ahrendt  Berberis simulans C. K. Schneid.  Berberis sargeraiana
科属(Family & Genus):小檗科Berberidaceae小檗属Berberis
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木,高1-3米。茎圆柱形,老枝灰棕色,幼枝带红色,通常无疣点,偶有稀疏黑色疣点,节间3-6厘米;茎刺三分叉,长1-4厘米,腹面具槽。叶厚革质,长圆状椭圆形,长4-15厘米,宽1.5-6.5厘米,先端急尖,基部楔形,上面亮深绿色,中脉凹陷,侧脉微隆起,网脉微显,背面黄绿色或淡绿色,中脉明显隆起,侧脉微隆起,网脉显著,叶缘平展,每边具15-25刺齿;近无柄。花4-10朵簇生;花梗长1-2厘米;花黄色;小苞片红色,长、宽约2毫米;萼片3轮,外萼片卵形,长3.5毫米,宽约3毫米,先端近急尖,自基部向先端有1红色带条,中萼片菱状椭圆形,长5毫米,宽4.5毫米,内萼片倒卵形,长6.5毫米,宽5毫米;花瓣倒卵形,长6毫米,宽4.5毫米,先端缺裂,裂片先端圆形,基部楔形,具2枚邻接的橙色腺体;雄蕊长约4.5毫米,药隔先端平截;子房具胚珠1-2枚。浆果长圆形或长圆状椭圆形,黑色,长6-8毫米,直径4-6毫米,顶端不具宿存花柱,不被白粉。花期4-5月,果期6-11月。
分布(Distribution):产于湖北、四川。生于山坡灌丛中、路边、岩缝、竹林中或山沟旁林下。海拔700-2100米。
用途(Use):根入药,有清热解毒,消炎抗菌功效。主治痢疾、腹泻、红肿等症。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 722, 746   
Berberis sargentiana C. K. Schneider in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 359. 1913.
刺黑珠 ci hei zhu| Berberidaceae  | Berberis
Berberis recurvata Ahrendt; B. simulans C. K. Schneider.
Shrubs, evergreen, 1-3 m tall. Stems terete; branches grayish brown; shoots reddish, usually not verruculose, rarely scarcely black verruculose; internodes 3-6 cm; spines 3-fid, 1-4 cm, adaxially sulcate. Leaves subsessile; leaf blade abaxially yellow-green or pale green, adaxially shiny, dark green, oblong-elliptic, 4-15 × 1.5-6.5 cm, thickly leathery, abaxially with conspicuously raised midvein, lateral and reticulate veins prominent, adaxially with impressed midvein, lateral veins slightly raised, reticulate veins indistinct, base cuneate, margin 15-25-spinose-serrate on each side, apex acute. Flowers 4-10-fascicled. Pedicels 1-2 cm; bractlets red, ca. 2 × 2 mm. Sepals in 3 whorls; outer sepals with a red band along middle, ovate, ca. 3.5 × 3 mm, apex subacute; median sepals rhombic-elliptic, ca. 5 × 4.5 mm; inner sepals obovate, ca. 6.5 × 5 mm. Petals obovate, ca. 6 × 4.5 mm, base cuneate, with contiguous, orange glands, apex emarginate with rounded lobes. Stamens ca. 4.5 mm; anther connective truncate. Ovules 1 or 2. Berry black, oblong or oblong-ellipsoid, 6-8 × 4-6 mm, not pruinose, style not persistent. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jun-Nov.
● Thickets, roadsides, bamboo forests, streamsides of forest understories; 700-2100 m. Hubei, Sichuan.
 




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