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东方野扇花Sarcococca longipetiolata

时间:2013-11-10 22:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 东方野扇花 学名( Scientific Name ): Sarcococca longipetiolata M. Cheng 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Sarcococca orientalis C. Y. Wu 科属( Family Genus
中文名(Chinese Name):东方野扇花
学名(Scientific Name):Sarcococca longipetiolata M. Cheng
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Sarcococca orientalis C. Y. Wu
科属(Family & Genus):黄杨科Buxaceae野扇花属Sarcococca
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-3米;小枝有纵棱,无毛,或仅在扩大镜下见有微细毛。叶革质或薄革质,披针形、长圆状披针形或狭披针形,稀卵状披针形,长5-12厘米,宽1.5-2.5厘米,先端长渐尖,基部渐狭或楔形,叶面中脉明显,脉上无毛,或近基部被少量微细毛,中脉下方一对较大侧脉,从离叶基1-5毫米处出发上升,成离基三出脉,其余侧脉在叶面稍明显,背面无侧脉,或有1-2对不分明的侧脉;叶柄长10-15毫米。花序腋生兼顶生,总状或近头状以至复总状,长1-1.5厘米,花序轴被微细毛.苞片卵形,长1.5毫米,渐尖头;雄花4-8,生花序轴上半部,雌花2-4,生花序轴下部;雄花:花梗长1毫米,粗壮,具2小苞,小苞阔卵形,长约2毫米,萼片阔卵形或椭圆形,长约3毫米,花丝长5毫米,花药长1毫米;雌花:连柄长3-4毫米,小苞卵形,长约1.5-2毫米,覆瓦状排列,萼片和末梢的小苞形状相似。果实球形,直径8毫米,熟时棕色、红色或带紫色,宿存花柱2。花期9月(或继续至翌年3月),果期12月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、湖南;生山谷溪边林下,海拔350-800米。模式标本采自广东源。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 11 Page 328, 329 
Sarcococca longipetiolata M. Cheng, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17(3): 99. 1979.
长叶柄野扇花 chang ye bing ye shan hua | Buxaceae  | Sarcococca
Shrubs, 1-3 m tall; young branches longitudinally ribbed, glabrous or puberulent under microscope. Petiole 1-1.5 cm; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, or narrowly lanceolate, rarely ovate-lanceolate, 5-12 × 1.5-2.5 cm, leathery or thinly leathery, base attenuate or cuneate, apex long acuminate; midrib visible, puberulent toward base, basal lateral veins a pair to triplinerved, distance 1-5 mm from base. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, racemes or subcapitate to compound racemes, 1-1.5 cm; rachis puberulent; bracts ovate, ca. 1.5 mm, acuminate. Male flowers 4-8, inserted apically in rachis; pedicels ca. 1 mm; bracteoles 2, broadly ovate, ca. 2 mm; tepals broadly ovate or elliptic, ca. 3 mm; filaments ca. 5 mm; anthers ca. 1 mm. Female flowers 2-4, inserted basally in rachis; bracteoles ovate, 1.5-2 mm, imbricate; tepals similar to bracteoles. Drupe globose, ca. 8 mm in diam., brown, red, or purplish; persistent styles 2. Fl. Sep, fr. Dec.
● Streamsides in forests; 300-800 m. N Guangdong (Ruyuan, Yangshan), S Hunan (Yizhang).
 
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