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豆腐柴Premna microphylla

时间:2013-11-10 11:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 豆腐柴 学名( Scientific Name ): Premna microphylla Turcz. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 臭黄荆 异名( Synonym ): Premna microphylla var. glabra Nakai Premna japonica Miq.
中文名(Chinese Name):豆腐柴
学名(Scientific Name):Premna microphylla Turcz.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):臭黄荆
异名(Synonym):Premna microphylla var. glabra Nakai  Premna japonica Miq.  Premna formosana Maxim.  Gumira japonica (Miq.) Kuntze  Gumira microphylla (Turcz.) Kuntze  Premna luxurians Nakai  Premna microphylla var. luxurians (Nakai) Moldenke
科属Family & Genus):马鞭草科(Verbenaceae)豆腐柴属
形态特征Description):直立灌木;幼枝有柔毛,老枝变无毛。叶揉之有臭味,卵状披针形、椭圆形、卵形或倒卵形,长3-13厘米,宽1.5-6厘米,顶端急尖至长渐尖,基部渐狭窄下延至叶柄两侧,全缘至有不规则粗齿,无毛至有短柔毛;叶柄长0.5-2厘米。聚伞花序组成顶生塔形的圆锥花序;花萼杯状,绿色,有时带紫色,密被毛至几无毛,但边缘常有睫毛,近整齐的5浅裂;花冠淡黄色,外有柔毛和腺点,花冠内部有柔毛,以喉部较密。核果紫色,球形至倒卵形。花果期5-10月。
分布(Distribution):产我国华东、中南、华南以至四川、贵州等地,生山坡林下或林缘。日本也有分布。模式标本采自浙江宁波。
用途(Use):叶可制豆腐;根、茎、叶入药,清热解毒,消肿止血,主治毒蛇咬伤、无名肿毒、创伤出血。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 19   
Premna microphylla Turczaninow, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 36(3): 217. 1863.
豆腐柴 dou fu chai| Verbenaceae  | Premna
Premna formosana Maximowicz; P. japonica Miquel; P. microphylla var. glabra Nakai.
Shrubs, erect. Branchlets pubescent when young, glabrescent. Leaves sessile or short petiolate with a winged petiole; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate, elliptic, ovate, or obovate, 3-13 X 1.5-6 cm, subglabrous to pubescent, base narrowly cuneate, margin entire or lobed to sometimes serrulate, apex long acuminate to acute. Inflorescences conical panicles. Calyx green and slightly purplish, cup-shaped, subequally 5-dentate, densely pubescent to subglabrous. Corolla yellowish, (6.5-)7(-9) mm, outside puberulent and glandular, inside pilose especially at throat. Fruit purple, globose to obovate. Fl. and fr. May-Oct.
Mixed forests on mountain slopes; 200-1000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan]
The species is extremely variable in leaf characters.
 


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