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铃铛刺Halimodendron halodendron

时间:2018-08-14 08:59来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 铃铛刺 学名( Scientific Name ): Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Druce 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 盐豆木、耐碱树 异名( Synonym ): Halimodendron argenteum var. albiflo
中文名(Chinese Name):铃铛刺
学名(Scientific Name):Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Druce
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):盐豆木、耐碱树
异名(Synonym):Halimodendron argenteum var. albiflorum Kar. et Kir.  Robinia halodendrum Pall.  Caragana argenta Lam.  Halimodendron cuspidatum Jaub. & Spach  Halimodendron emarginatum Jaub. & Spach  Halimodendron speciosum Carriere  Halimodendron subvirescens Don  Halimodendron triflorum Willd.  Robinia halodendron Pall.  Caragana argentea Lam.  Halimodendron sp.1 B.L.Turner & J.B.Harborne  Caragana halodendrum Dum. Cours.
科属Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae铃铛刺属Halimodendron
形态特征Description):灌木,高0.5-2米。树皮暗灰褐色;分枝密,具短枝;长枝褐色至灰黄色,有棱,无毛;当年生小枝密被白色短柔毛。叶轴宿存,呈针刺状;小叶倒披针形,长1.2-3厘米,宽6-10毫米,顶端圆或微凹,有凸尖,基部楔形,初时两面密被银白色绢毛,后渐无毛;小叶柄极短。总状花序生2-5花;总花梗长1.5-3厘米,密被绢质长柔毛;花梗细,长5-7毫米;花长1-1.6厘米;小苞片钻状,长约1毫米;花萼长5-6毫米,密被长柔毛,基部偏斜,萼齿三角形;旗瓣边缘稍反折,翼瓣与旗瓣近等长,龙骨瓣较翼瓣稍短;子房无毛,有长柄。荚果长1.5-2.5厘米,宽0.5-1.2厘米,背腹稍扁,两侧缝线稍下凹,无纵隔膜,先端有喙,基部偏斜,裂瓣通常扭曲;种子小,微呈肾形。花期7月,果期8月。
分布(Distribution):产内蒙古西北部和新疆、甘肃(河西走廊沙地)。生于荒漠盐化沙土和河流沿岸的盐质土上,也常见于胡杨林下。原苏联和蒙古也有。
用途(Use):本种可作改良盐碱土和固沙植物,并可栽培作绿篱。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 545
Halimodendron halodendron (Pallas) Druce, Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles. 4: 626. 1917.
铃铛刺 ling dang ci| Fabaceae  | Halimodendron
Robinia halodendron Pallas, Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 741. 1773; Caragana argentea Lamarck, nom. illeg. superfl.; C. halodendron (Pallas) Dumont de Courset; Halimodendron argenteum Candolle, nom. illeg. superfl.; H. argenteum var. albiflorum Karelin & Kirilov; H. halodendron var. albiflorum (Karelin & Kirilov) Prjachin.
Shrubs, 0.5-2 m tall. Bark dark grayish brown. Branches many, vegetative and reproductive; reproductive branches brown to grayish yellow, sulcate, glabrous; young branches with dense white appressed trichomes. Rachis and petiole persistent, spine-shaped; petiole and petiolules very short; leaflet blades oblanceolate, 1.2-3 × 0.6-1 cm, with dense silvery white tri­chomes at first, glabrescent, base cuneate, apex rounded or emarginate. Racemes 2-5-flowered; peduncle 1.5-3 cm, densely sericeous. Flowers 1-1.6 cm; pedicel 5-7 mm; bracteoles sub­ulate, ca. 1 mm. Calyx 5-6 mm, with dense appressed tri­chomes, base oblique; teeth triangular. Corolla pale purple or purplish red; standard slightly reflexed at margins, ± as long as wings; wings slightly longer than keel. Ovary glabrous, long stipitate. Legume flattened, 1.5-2.5 × 0.5-1.2 cm, dorsal and ventral line impressed, without septa, apex with a short beak. Seeds reniform. Fl. Jul, fr. Aug. 2n = 16.
Saline sand, saline soils along rivers, forests. Gansu, Nei Mon­gol, Xinjiang [Mongolia, Russia].
 


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