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海通Clerodendrum mandarinorum

时间:2013-11-10 11:19来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 海通 学名( Scientific Name ): Clerodendrum mandarinorum Diels 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 满大青、鞋头树 异名( Synonym ): Clerodendrum bodinierii H. Lv. Clerodendrum t
中文名Chinese Name):海通
学名(Scientific Name):Clerodendrum mandarinorum Diels
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):满大青、鞋头树
异名(Synonym):Clerodendrum bodinierii H. Lév.  Clerodendrum tsaii H. L. Li  Clerodendrum kwangtungense var. puberulum H. L. Li  Clerodendrum cavaleriei H. Lév.  Clerodendrum bodinieri var. cavalieri (H.Lév.) H.Lév.  Clerodendrum bodinieri H.Lév. 
科属(Family & Genus):马鞭草科(Verbenaceae)大青属
形态特征(Description):灌木或乔木,高2-20米;幼枝略呈四棱形,密被黄褐色绒毛,髓具明显的黄色薄片状横隔。叶片近革质,卵状椭圆形、卵形、宽卵形至心形,长10-27厘米,宽6-20厘米,顶端渐尖,基部截形、近心形或稍偏斜,表面绿色,被短柔毛,背面密被灰白色绒毛。伞房状聚伞花序顶生,分枝多,疏散,花序梗以至花柄都密被黄褐色绒毛;苞片长4-5毫米,易脱落,小苞片线形,长约3毫米;花萼小,钟状,长3-4毫米,密被短柔毛和少数盘状腺体,萼齿尖细,钻形,长1.5-2.5毫米;花冠白色或偶为淡紫色,有香气,外被短柔毛,花冠管纤细,长7-10毫米,裂片长圆形,长约3.5毫米;雄蕊及花柱伸出花冠外。核果近球形,幼时绿色,成熟后蓝黑色,干后果皮常皱成网状,宿萼增大,红色,包果一半以上。花果期7-12月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、湖南、湖北、广东、广西、四川、云南、贵州,生于海拔250-2200米的溪边、路旁或丛林中。越南北部也有分布。
用途(Use):四川、广西民间用其枝叶治半边疯。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 41
Clerodendrum mandarinorum Diels in Engler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 549. 1900.
海通 hai tong| Verbenaceae  | Clerodendrum
Clerodendrum bodinieri H. Léveillé; C. cavaleriei H. Léveillé; C. kwangtungense Handel-Mazzetti var. puberulum H. L. Li; C. tsaii H. L. Li.
Shrubs or trees 2-20 m tall. Branchlets nearly 4-angled, densely yellow-brown tomentose. Leaf blade ovate-elliptic, broadly ovate, or cordate, 10-27 6-20 cm, subleathery, abaxially densely gray tomentose, adaxially green, base truncate to subcordate and suboblique, apex acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, lax, corymbose, many branched, densely yellow-brown tomentose; bracts 4-5 mm, deciduous; bractlets linear, ca. 3 mm. Flowers fragrant. Calyx campanulate, 3-4 mm, densely pubescent, with several peltate glands; teeth awl-shaped, 1.5-2.5 mm. Corolla white or pinkish, 7-10 mm, tube slender; lobes oblong, ca. 3.5 mm. Stamens and style exserted. Fruiting calyx red to pink, inflated, thickened, enclosing 2/3 of drupe. Drupes blue-black, subglobose, reflexed. Fl. and fr. Jul-Dec.
Thickets along streams and roadsides; 300-2200 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Vietnam]
Medicinal.
Allied to Clerodendrum kaichianum but differs in having much branched inflorescences and calyx teeth narrowly triangular and longer than tube.
 


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