重瓣臭茉莉Clerodendrum chinense

中文名Chinese Name):重瓣臭茉莉
学名Scientific Name):Clerodendrum chinense (Osb.) Mabberley
英文名English Common Name):stickbush
别名Chinese Common Name):大髻婆
异名Synonym):Clerodendrum philippinum Schauer  Clerodendrum fragrans var. multiplex Sweet  Clerodendrum fragrans var. pleniflorum Schauer  Cryptanthus chinensis Osbeck  Volkameria fragrans Vent.  Clerodendrum japonicum var. pleniflorum (Schauer) Maheshw.  Agricolaea fragrans (Vent.) Schrank  Clerodendrum fragrans f. pleniflorum (Schauer) Standl. & Steyerm.  Clerodendrum lasiocephalum C.B.Clarke  Clerodendrum macradenium Miq.  Clerodendrum philippinum f. multiplex (Sweet) Moldenke  Clerodendrum philippinum f. pleniflorum (Schauer) Moldenke  Clerodendrum philippinum f. subfertile Moldenke  Clerodendrum roseum Poit.  Ovieda fragrans (Vent.) Hitchc.  Volkmannia japonica Jacq.  Clerodendrum chinense 'Pleniflorum' 
科属Family & Genus):马鞭草科(Verbenaceae)大青属
形态特征Description):灌木,高50-120厘米;小枝钝四棱形或近圆形,幼枝被柔毛。叶片宽卵形或近于心形,长9-22厘米,宽8-21厘米,顶端渐尖,基部截形,宽楔形或浅心形,边缘疏生粗齿,表面密被刚伏毛,背面密被柔毛,沿脉更密或有时两面毛较少,基部三出脉,脉腋有数个盘状腺体,叶片揉之有臭味;叶柄长3-17厘米,被短柔毛,有时密似绒毛。伞房状聚伞花序紧密,顶生,花序梗被绒毛;苞片披针形,长1.5-3厘米,被短柔毛并有少数疣状和盘状腺体;花萼钟状,长1.5-1.7厘米,被短柔毛和少数疣状或盘状腺体,萼裂片线状披针形,长0.7-1厘米;花冠红色、淡红色或白色,有香味,花冠管短,裂片卵圆形,雄蕊常变成花瓣而使花成重瓣。
分布(Distribution):产福建、台湾、广东、广西、云南,多栽培。老挝、泰国、柬埔寨以至亚洲热带地区常见栽培或逸生,毛里求斯、夏威夷等地已归化。
用途(Use):药用根,主治风湿。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 39
Clerodendrum chinense (Osbeck) Mabberley, Pl.-Book, repr. ed. 707. 1989.
重瓣臭茉莉 chong ban xiu mo li      | Verbenaceae  | Clerodendrum
Shrubs 0.5-1.2 m tall. Branchlets nearly 4-angled to terete, pubescent when young, glabrescent. Petiole 3-17 cm, pubescent to tomentose; leaf blade broadly ovate to sub-cordate, 9-22 8-21 cm, abaxially pubescent especially on veins and with several large glands near base, adaxially strigose, base truncate, broadly truncate, or subcordate, margin sparsely irregularly dentate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, dense corymbose cymes; peduncle tomentose; bracts lanceolate, 1.5-3 cm; pubescent, with several large glands. Flowers single or double, fragrant. Calyx 1.5-2.5 cm, deeply 5-lobed, pubescent, with several large glands; lobes linear-lanceolate or lanceolate, 0.7-1.6 cm. Corolla white, pinkish, or red, lobes elliptic or ovate.
* Wild in Guangxi, Guizhou, and Yunnan [cultivated in tropical and subtropical Asia]
 重瓣臭茉莉Clerodendrum chinense

重瓣臭茉莉Clerodendrum chinense

重瓣臭茉莉Clerodendrum chinense
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