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臭牡丹Clerodendrum bungei

时间:2013-11-10 10:41来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 臭牡丹 学名( Scientific Name ): Clerodendrum bungei Steud. 英文名( English Common Name ): rose glorybower 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大红袍 异名( Synonym ): Clerodendrum fragrans var. foetidum (Bung
中文名(Chinese Name):臭牡丹
学名(Scientific Name):Clerodendrum bungei Steud.
英文名(English Common Name):rose glorybower
别名(Chinese Common Name):大红袍
异名(Synonym):Clerodendrum fragrans var. foetidum (Bunge) Bakh.  Clerodendrum yatschuense H. Winkl.  Pavetta esquirollii H. Lév.  Clerodendrum foetidum Bunge  Volkameria bungei (Steud.) Lavallée  Clerodendron foetidum Bunge
科属(Family & Genus):马鞭草科(Verbenaceae)大青属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2米,植株有臭味;花序轴、叶柄密被褐色、黄褐色或紫色脱落性的柔毛;小枝近圆形,皮孔显著。叶片纸质,宽卵形或卵形,长8-20厘米,宽5-15厘米,顶端尖或渐尖,基部宽楔形、截形或心形,边缘具粗或细锯齿,侧脉4-6对,表面散生短柔毛,背面疏生短柔毛和散生腺点或无毛,基部脉腋有数个盘状腺体;叶柄长4-17厘米。伞房状聚伞花序顶生,密集;苞片叶状,披针形或卵状披针形,长约3厘米,早落或花时不落,早落后在花序梗上残留凸起的痕迹,小苞片披针形,长约1.8厘米;花萼钟状,长2-6毫米,被短柔毛及少数盘状腺体,萼齿三角形或狭三角形,长1-3毫米;花冠淡红色、红色或紫红色,花冠管长2-3厘米,裂片倒卵形,长5-8毫米;雄蕊及花柱均突出花冠外;花柱短于、等于或稍长于雄蕊;柱头2裂,子房4室。核果近球形,径0.6-1.2厘米,成熟时蓝黑色。花果期5-11月。
分布(Distribution):产华北、西北、西南以及江苏、安徽、浙江、江西、湖南、湖北、广西,生于海拔2500米以下的山坡、林缘、沟谷、路旁、灌丛润湿处。印度北部、越南、马来西亚也有。
用途(Use):根、茎、叶入药,有祛风解毒、消肿止痛之效,近来还用于治疗子宫脱垂。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 40   
Clerodendrum bungei Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 382. 1840.
臭牡丹 xiu mu dan| Verbenaceae  | Clerodendrum
Shrubs 1-2 m tall. Branchlets subterete, distinctly lenticellate. Petiole 4-17 cm, densely brown, yellow-brown, or purplish pubescent when young, glabrescent; leaf blade ovate to broadly ovate, 8-20 5-15 cm, papery, abaxially sparsely glandular pubescent to subglabrous and with several peltate glands near base, adaxially sparsely pubescent, base cuneate, truncate, or cordate, margin serrate, apex acuminate to acute, veins 4-6 pairs. Inflorescences terminal, dense, capitate, flat-topped cymes; bracts lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, ca. 3 cm, deciduous; bractlets lanceolate, ca. 1.8 cm. Calyx campanulate, tube 2-6 mm, pubescent, with several peltate glands; lobes narrowly triangular to triangular, 1-10 mm. Corolla pinkish, red, or purple, tube 2-3 cm; lobes obovate, 5-8 mm. Stamens and style exserted. Drupes blue-black, subglobose, 6-12 mm in diam. Fl. and fr. May-Nov.
1100-2500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Vietnam]
Medicinal.
 




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