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乳茄Solanum mammosum

时间:2018-06-26 15:20来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 乳茄 学名( Scientific Name ): Solanum lyratum Thunb. 英文名( English Common Name ): nipplefruit 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 五指茄 异名( Synonym ): Solanum cathayanum C. Y. Wu et S. C. Huang Solanum
中文名(Chinese Name):乳茄
学名(Scientific Name):Solanum mammosum Thunb.
英文名(English Common Name):nipplefruit
别名(Chinese Common Name):五指茄
异名(Synonym):Solanum cathayanum C. Y. Wu et S. C. Huang  Solanum dulcamara var. chinense Dunal  Solanum dulcamara var. pubescens Blume  Solanum kayamae T.Yamaz.  Solanum lyratum var. filamentaceum Hayashi  Solanum dulcamara var. lyratum (Thunb.) Bonati 
Solanum mammosum L. Solanum mamosissimum Ram.Goyena  Solanum platanifolium Sims  Solanum cornigerum André, E.  Solanum globiferum Dunal  Solanum corniculatum André, E., nomen nudum  Solanum villosissimum Zuccagni  Solanum mammosum var. corniculum Ridl.  Solanum mammosissimum Ram. Goyena
科属Family & Genus):茄科(Solanaceae)茄属
形态特征Description):直立草本。高约1米,茎被短柔毛及扁刺,小枝被具节的长柔毛,腺毛及扁刺,刺蜡黄色,光亮,基部淡紫色,宽3-5毫米,端尖,钻形,直或略弯,长4-12毫米。叶卵形,长5-10厘米,宽几与长相等,常5裂,有时3-7裂,裂片浅波状,先端尖或钝,基部微凹,两面密被亮白色极长的长柔毛及短柔毛;侧脉约与裂片数相等,在上面平,在下面略凸出,具黄土色细长的皮刺,刺长8-20毫米,基部扁,具槽,先端钻形;叶柄长2.5-8厘米,上面具槽,被具节的长柔毛,腺毛及皮刺。蝎尾状花序腋外生,常着生于腋芽的外面基部,被有与枝、叶相似的毛被,通常3-4花,总花梗极短,无刺,花梗长约5-10毫米。萼近浅杯状,外被极长具节的长柔毛及腺毛,5深裂,裂片卵状披针形,端渐尖,长5-6毫米,花冠紫槿色,筒部隐于萼内,长约1.5毫米,冠檐直径25-32毫米,5深裂,裂片长圆状线形,长20-22毫米,宽4毫米,端渐尖至极尖,外面被长柔毛,内面无毛,边缘膜质具缘毛;雄蕊5枚,几相等,长约1.1厘米,花丝长约1毫米,花药长圆状锥形,基部圆形,上部延长,端带黄色,顶孔向上;子房无毛,卵状渐尖,长约5毫米,花柱长.3毫米,柱头绿色,浅2裂。浆果倒梨状,长4.5-5.5厘米,外面土黄色,内面白色,具5个乳头状凸起,种子黑褐色,近圆形压扁,直径约3毫米。花果期夏秋间。
分布(Distribution):原产美洲,现广东、广西及云南均引种成功。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 323   
Solanum mammosum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 187. 1753.
乳茄 ru qie| Solanaceae  | Solanum
Herbs or shrubs, erect, ca. 1 m tall, copiously armed, villous throughout with mixed stellate and simple, partly glandular hairs. Stems pilose with glandular simple hairs, armed with needlelike, sometimes slightly curved yellowish prickles 4-12 × 3-5 mm. Leaves mostly paired; petiole 2.5-8 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate or suborbicular, 5-12 × 5-10 cm, (3-)5(-7)-lobed, villous, armed on major veins with needlelike prickles 0.8-2 cm, base cordate, apex acute or obtuse. Inflorescences extra-axillary, scorpioid-racemose, 3- or 4-flowered; peduncle obsolete. Pedicel 5-10 mm. Calyx pubescent as on stems, sometimes armed; lobes ovate-lanceolate, 5-6 mm. Corolla purple, 2.5-3.2 cm in diam.; lobes oblong-lanceolate, 2-2.2 × 0.4 cm, villous abaxially. Stamens subequal; filaments ca. 1 mm; anthers narrow, lanceolate, 1-1.2 cm. Style ca. 3 mm. Berry yellow, darkening with age, pyriform, 4.5-7 × 3-4 cm, with 1-5 papillate protuberances at base; mesocarp white, spongy. Seeds dark brown, somewhat compressed, 3-4 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn.
200-1300 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan [native to South America].
 








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