织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

柳叶毛蕊茶Camellia salicifolia

时间:2013-11-09 21:19来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 柳叶毛蕊茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Camellia salicifolia Champ. ex Benth. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 柳叶山茶 异名( Synonym ): Camellia salicifolia var. longisepala Ke
中文名(Chinese Name):柳叶毛蕊茶
学名(Scientific Name):Camellia salicifolia Champ. ex Benth.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):柳叶山茶
异名(Synonym):Camellia salicifolia var. longisepala Keng  Camelliastrum salicifolium (Champ. ex Benth.) Nakai  Thea salicifolia (Champ. ex Benth.) Seem.  Thea salicifolia var. warburgii Kochs
科属(Family & Genus):山茶科Theaceae山茶属Camellia
形态特征(Description):灌木至小乔木,嫩枝纤细,密生长丝毛。叶薄纸质,披针形,长6-10厘米,宽1.4-2.5厘米,有时更长,先端尾状渐尖,基部圆形,上面干后带褐色,无光泽,沿中脉有柔毛,下面有长丝毛,侧脉6-8对,在上下两面均能见,边缘密生细锯齿,叶柄长1-3毫米,密生茸毛。花顶生及腋生,花柄长3-4毫米,被长丝毛;苞片4-5片,披针形,长4-10毫米,有长毛,宿存;萼片5片,不等长,线状披针形,长7-15毫米,基部宽3-4毫米,宿存,密生长丝毛。花冠白色,长1.5-2厘米;花瓣5-6片,基部与雄蕊连生约2毫米,倒卵形,最外1-2片革质,长11-13毫米,背面有长毛,内侧花瓣长1.3-2厘米,有长丝毛;雄蕊长10-15毫米,花丝管长为雄蕊的2/3,分离花丝有长毛;子房有长丝毛,花柱有毛,先端3浅裂。蒴果圆球形或卵圆形,长1.5-2.2厘米,宽1.5厘米,1室,种子1粒,果爿薄。花期8-11月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、江西、湖南、台湾、福建及广西。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 389, 391
Camellia salicifolia Champion, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 309. 1851.
柳叶毛蕊茶 liu ye mao rui cha | Theaceae  | Camellia
Camellia salicifolia var. longisepala H. Keng; Camelliastrum salicifolium (Champion) Nakai; Thea salicifolia (Champion) Seemann.
Shrubs or trees, 3-6 m tall. Young branches grayish brown; year-old branchlets with indumentum ± persistent; current year branchlets spreading villous. Petiole 2-3 mm, densely villous; leaf blade oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate, 4.5-10 × 1.5-3 cm, papery, abaxially pale green, sparsely appressed villous with indumentum more dense along midvein, and becoming grayish white when dry, adaxially dark green, and becoming grayish green when dry, hirtellous along midvein, midvein abaxially elevated and adaxially slightly impressed, secondary veins 7 or 8 on each side of midvein, abaxially raised, and adaxially obscure, base rounded, margin serrulate, apex long acuminate to caudate. Flowers axillary, solitary. Pedicel 4-5 mm, densely villous; bracteoles 4 or 5, outside white villous, inside glabrous, apex long acuminate; basal 2 bracteoles ovate, ca. 1.5 cm; apical 2 or 3 bracteoles lanceolate, 5-6 mm. Sepals 5, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, 8-10 mm, outside densely white villous, inside glabrous, apex long acuminate. Petals 5 or 6, white, obovate to obovate-elliptic, 1.5-2 × 0.8-1.6 cm, outside farinose-puberulent, basally connate for 2-4 mm. Stamens ca. 1.5 cm; outer filament whorl basally connate for ca. 1 cm, distinct part white villous. Ovary white tomentose, 3-loculed; style ca. 1.5 cm, densely pubescent, apically 3-parted for 1-2 mm. Capsule globose, 1.5-2.5 cm in diam., l-loculed with l seed, apex shortly conic; pericarp ca. 1 mm thick. Seed brown, subglobose. Fl. Nov, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 30*.
  • Forests, thickets; 300-800(-1400) m. Fujian, Guangdong, E Guangxi, S Jiangxi, Taiwan.
 


(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片