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狭叶栀子Gardenia stenophylla

时间:2013-11-08 12:14来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):狭叶栀子 学名( Scientific Name ): Gardenia stenophylla Merr. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 野白蝉、花木 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 茜草科(Rubiaceae)栀子属
中文名(Chinese Name):狭叶栀子
学名(Scientific Name):Gardenia stenophylla Merr.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):野白蝉、花木
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):茜草科(Rubiaceae)栀子属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高0.5-3米;小枝纤弱。叶薄革质,狭披针形或线状披针形,长3-12厘米,宽0.4-2.3厘米,顶端渐尖而尖端常钝,基部渐狭,常下延,两面无毛;侧脉纤细,9-13对,在下面略明显;叶柄长1-5毫米;托叶膜质,长7-10毫米,脱落。花单生于叶腋或小枝顶部,芳香,盛开时直径达4-5厘米,具长约5毫米的花梗;萼管倒圆锥形,长约1厘米,萼檐管形,顶部5-8裂,裂片狭披针形,长1-2厘米,结果时增长;花冠白色,高脚碟状,冠管长3.5-6.5厘米,宽3-4毫米,顶部5至8裂,裂片盛开时外反,长圆状倒卵形,长2.5-3.5厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,顶端钝;花丝短,花药线形,伸出,长约1.5厘米;花柱长3.5-4厘米,柱头棒形,顶部膨大,长约1.2厘米,伸出。果长圆形,长1.5-2.5厘米,直径1-1.3厘米,有纵棱或有时棱不明显,成熟时黄色或橙红色,顶部有增大的宿存萼裂片。花期4-8月,果期5月至翌年1月。
分布(Distribution):产于安徽、浙江、广东、广西、海南,生于海拔90-800米处的山谷、溪边林中、灌丛或旷野河边,常见于岩石上。越南也有。
用途(Use):果实和根供药用,有凉血、泻火、清热解毒的效用。植株外形多姿,花美丽,可作盆景栽植。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 19 Page 142, 144   
Gardenia stenophylla Merrill, Philipp. J. Sci. 19: 678. 1922.
狭叶栀子 xia ye zhi zi| Rubiaceae  | Gardenia
Shrubs, 0.5-3 m tall; branches generally slender, angled to subterete, puberulent to glabrescent. Leaves opposite or ternate with arrangement often variable on a branch, subsessile to shortly petiolate; petiole to 5 mm, puberulent to glabrous; blade drying thinly leathery, narrowly lanceolate, narrowly elliptic, elliptic-spatulate, or linear-lanceolate, 3-12 × 0.4-2.3 cm, adaxially glabrous, abaxially puberulent to glabrous, base acute and often decurrent, margin thickened and often thinly revolute, apex acute to obtuse; secondary veins 9-13 pairs, in abaxial axils without domatia; stipules calyptrate, conical, 7-10 mm, splitting along one side for 3/4 or more of length, glabrous. Flowers solitary, pseudoaxillary or terminal; peduncles 5-6 mm, glabrous. Calyx glabrous; ovary portion ellipsoid to cylindrical, 5-6 mm, longitudinally 5-8-ridged; limb with basal tubular portion 4-6 mm; lobes 5-8, linear to narrowly lanceolate, 7-15 mm, keeled, acute. Corolla outside glabrous; tube cylindrical, 35-65 × 3-4 mm; lobes 5-8, oblong-obovate, 25-35 × 10-15 mm, obtuse. Fruiting pedicels to 2 cm. Berry yellow or orange-red, ellipsoid-oblong to ellipsoid, 1.5-2.5 × 1-1.3 cm, with 5-8 weak to developed longitudinal ridges, with persistent calyx lobes to 2 cm; seeds 2-3 mm. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. May-Jan.
Forests or thickets at streamsides in valleys, fields at riversides; below 100-800 m. Anhui, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Zhejiang [Vietnam].
 




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