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软条七蔷薇Rosa henryi

时间:2013-11-07 12:34来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 软条七蔷薇 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Rosa henryi Bouleng. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 亨氏蔷薇 异名( Synonym ): Rosa moschata var. densa Vilm. Rosa paucispinosa H. L.
中文名Chinese Name):软条七蔷薇
学名Scientific Name):Rosa henryi Bouleng.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):亨氏蔷薇
异名(Synonym):Rosa moschata var. densa Vilm.  Rosa paucispinosa H. L. Li  Rosa henryi var. australis (Rehder et E. H. Wilson) F. P. Metcalf  Rosa henryi var. glandulosa Ze-min Wu et Z. L. Cheng  Rosa gentiliana var. australis Rehder et E. H. Wilson
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)蔷薇属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高3-5米,有长匍枝;小枝有短扁、弯曲皮刺或无刺。小叶通常5,近花序小叶 片常为3,连叶柄长9-14厘米;小叶片长圆形、卵形、椭圆形或椭圆状卵形,长3.5-9厘 米,宽1.5-5厘米,先端长渐尖或尾尖,基部近圆形或宽楔形,边缘有锐锯齿,两面均无 毛,下面中脉突起;小叶柄和叶轴无毛,有散生小皮刺;托叶大部贴生于叶柄,离生部分披 针形,先端渐尖,全缘,无毛,或有稀疏腺毛。花5-15朵,成伞形伞房状花序;花直径3-4厘米;花梗和萼筒无毛,有时具腺毛,萼片披针形,先端渐尖,全缘,有少数裂片,外面近无毛而有稀疏腺点,内面有长柔毛;花瓣白色,宽倒卵形,先端微凹,基部宽楔形;花柱结合成柱,被柔毛,比雄蕊稍长。果近球形,直径8-10毫米,成熟后褐红色,有光泽,果梗有稀疏腺点;萼片脱落。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、河南、安徽、江苏、浙江、江西、福建、广东、广西、湖北、湖南、四川、云南、贵州等省区,生海拔1700-2000米山谷、林边、田边或灌丛中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 378     
Rosa henryi Boulenger, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, sér. B. 53: 143. 1933.
软条七蔷薇 ruan tiao qi qiang wei| Rosaceae  | Rosa
?Rosa henryi var. glandulosa Ze M. Wu & Z. L. Cheng; R. moschata Herrmann var. densa Vilmorin; R. paucispinosa H. L. Li.
Shrubs climbing, 3–8 m, with long repent branches. Branchlets purple-brown, terete, glabrous; prickles scattered, curved, to 3 mm, flat, gradually tapering to a broad base, or prickles absent. Leaves including petiole 9–14 cm; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts lanceolate, glabrous or sparsely glandular-pubescent, margin entire, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole glabrous, sparsely shortly prickly; leaflets mostly 5, leaves near corymb often with 3 leaflets, oblong, ovate, elliptic, or elliptic-ovate, 3.5–9 × 1.5–5 cm, papery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially with prominent midvein, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin acutely simply serrate, apex long acuminate or caudate. Flowers 5–15, 3–4 cm in diam., in umbel-like corymb 3–4 cm in diam.; pedicel 1.5–2 cm, glabrous, but shortly glandular-pubescent; bracts caducous, lanceolate. Hypanthium globose, glabrous, but shortly glandular-pubescent. Sepals 5, deciduous, lanceolate, abaxially subglabrous, sparsely glandular punctate, adaxially villous, margin few lobed, apex acuminate. Petals 5, white, fragrant, broadly obovate, abaxially glabrous, base broadly cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles connate into column, exserted, slightly longer than stamens, pubescent. Hip brown-red, subglobose, 8–10 mm in diam., shiny. Fl. Apr–Jul, fr. Jul–Sep.
Forest margins, thickets, scrub, valleys, farmland; 1700--2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.
 
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