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粉花绣线菊Spiraea japonica

时间:2013-11-06 14:49来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 粉花绣线菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Spiraea japonica L. f. 英文名( English Common Name ): Japanese meadowsweet 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 日本绣线菊 异名( Synonym ): Spiraea callosa Thunb. Spiraea j
中文名(Chinese Name):粉花绣线菊
学名(Scientific Name):Spiraea japonica L. f.
英文名(English Common Name):Japanese meadowsweet
别名(Chinese Common Name):日本绣线菊
异名(Synonym):Spiraea callosa Thunb.  Spiraea japonica var. typica Gilg.: Schneid.  Spiraea × bumalda Burv.  Spiraea japonica var. japonica   Spiraea microgyna Nakai  Spiraea microgyna var. velutina Nakai  Spiraea japonica var. angulata (Fritsch ex C.K.Schneid.) Kitam.  Spiraea japonica var. bullata (Maxim.) Makino  Spiraea japonica var. bumalda Bean  Spiraea japonica var. mayebarai Kitam.  Spiraea japonica subvar. angulata (Fritsch ex C.K.Schneid.) Koidz.  Spiraea japonica subvar. bullata (Maxim.) Koidz.  Spiraea japonica var. parvifolia (Koidz.) Kitam.  Spiraea japonica var. pubescens (Regel) Koidz.  Spiraea bullata Maxim.  Spiraea callosa var. pubescens Regel  Spiraea japonica f. fortunei (Planch.) Kitam.  Spiraea japonica f. pubescens (Regel) Kitam.  Spiraea japonica subsp. glabra (Regel) Koidz.  Spiraea japonica var. ovatifolia Koidz.  Spiraea japonica subvar. fritschiana (C.K.Schneid.) Koidz.  Spiraea japonica subvar. parvifolia Koidz.  Spiraea japonica var. tomentosa Koidz.  Spiraea koreana Nakai  Spiraea koreana var. macrogyna Nakai  Spiraea koreana var. rosea Nakai  Spiraea × pumila hort. ex Zabel  Spiraea × pumila var. bumalda hort. ex Zabel  Spiraea belloides hort.  Spiraea japonica subvar fritschiana (C.K.Schneid.) Koidz.  Spiraea japonica subvar parvifolia Koidz.  Spiraea japonica subvar angulata (Fritsch ex C.K.Schneid.) Koidz.  Spiraea japonica subvar bullata (Maxim.) Koidz.
科属Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)绣线菊属
形态特征(Description):直立灌木,高达1.5米;枝条细长,开展,小枝近圆柱形,无毛或幼时被短柔毛;冬芽卵形,先端急尖,有数个鳞片。叶片卵形至卵状椭圆形,长2-8厘米,宽1-3厘米,先端急尖至短渐尖,基部楔形,边缘有缺刻状重锯齿或单锯齿,上面暗绿色,无毛或沿叶脉微具短柔毛,下面色浅或有白霜,通常沿叶脉有短柔毛;叶柄长1-3毫米,具短柔毛。复伞房花序生于当年生的直立新枝顶端,花朵密集,密被短柔毛;花梗长4-6毫米;苞片披针形至线状披针形,下面微被柔毛;花直径4-7毫米;花萼外面有稀疏短柔毛,萼筒钟状,内面有短柔毛;萼片三角形,先端急尖,内面近先端有短柔毛;花瓣卵形至圆形,先端通常圆钝,长2.5-3.5毫米,宽2-3毫米,粉红色;雄蕊25-30,远较花瓣长;花盘圆环形,约有10个不整齐的裂片。蓇葖果半开张,无毛或沿腹缝有稀疏柔毛,花柱顶生,稍倾斜开展,萼片常直立。花期6-7月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):原产日本、朝鲜,我国各地栽培供观赏。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 51      
Spiraea japonica Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 262. 1782.
粉花绣线菊 fen hua xiu xian ju| Rosaceae  | Spiraea
Shrubs erect, to 1.5 m tall. Branchlets brownish to purple-brown, slender, subterete, glabrous or pubescent when young; buds ovoid, 3–5 mm, with several scales, puberulous, apex acute. Petiole 1–3 mm, pubescent; leaf blade abaxially paler or glaucous pruinose, adaxially dark green, ovate or ovate-elliptic to lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 2–16 × 1–4 cm, abaxially usually pubescent on veins, adaxially glabrous or puberulous on veins, base cuneate to rounded, margin crenate to doubly serrate, rarely singly serrate, apex obtuse or acute to acuminate. Corymbs terminal on erect, long, leafy shoots of current year, compound, 6–14 × 2.5–14 cm, many flowered; rachis and pedicels densely pubescent; pedicels 4–6 mm; bracts lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, sometimes to 1 cm, abaxially puberulous. Flowers 4–7 mm. Hypanthium campanulate, sparsely pubescent abaxially. Sepals triangular, 1.5–2 mm, erect in fruit, apex acute. Petals usually pink, sometimes white, ovate to orbicular, 2.5–3.5 × 2–3 mm, apex obtuse. Stamens 25–30, much longer than petals. Disk annular, irregularly crenulate. Follicles divergent, glabrous or pilose on adaxial suture; styles ascending. Fl. Jun–Jul, fr. Aug–Sep.
Forests, forested slopes, forest clearings, thickets, grassy slopes, mountain valleys, gullies, river banks, alpine steppes, rocky and stony places also commonly cultivated; 700--4000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].
Eight varieties may be recognized in China. In addition, Spiraea japonica var. stellaris Rehder (in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 452. 1913) was described on the basis of a fruiting specimen (A. Henry 9280) from SE Yunnan (Mengzi Xian).




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