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绣球绣线菊Spiraea blumei

时间:2013-11-06 14:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 绣球绣线菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Spiraea blumei G. Don 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 珍珠绣球 异名( Synonym ): Spiraea obtusa Nakai Spiraea obtusa var. latifolia T.Kaw
中文名(Chinese Name):绣球绣线菊
学名(Scientific Name):Spiraea blumei G. Don
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):珍珠绣球
异名(Synonym):Spiraea obtusa Nakai  Spiraea obtusa var. latifolia T.Kawamoto
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)绣线菊属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-2米;小枝细,开张,稍弯曲,深红褐色或暗灰褐色,无毛;冬芽小,卵形,先端急尖或圆钝,无毛,有数个外露鳞片。叶片菱状卵形至倒卵形,长2-3.5厘米,宽1-1.8厘米,先端圆钝或微尖,基部楔形,边缘自近中部以上有少数圆钝缺刻状锯齿或3-5浅裂,两面无毛,下面浅蓝绿色,基部具有不显明的3脉或羽状脉。伞形花序有总梗,无毛,具花10至25朵;花梗长6-10毫米,无毛;苞片披针形,无毛;花直径5-8毫米;萼筒钟状,外面无毛,内面具短柔毛;萼片三角形或卵状三角形,先端急尖或短渐尖,内面疏生短柔毛;花瓣宽倒卵形,先端微凹,长2-3.5毫米,宽几与长相等,白色;雄蕊18-20,较花瓣短;花盘由8-10个较薄的裂片组成,裂片先端有时微凹;子房无毛或仅在腹部微具短柔毛,花柱短于雄蕊。蓇葖果较直立,无毛,花柱位于背部先端,倾斜开展,萼片直立。花期4-6月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产辽宁、内蒙古、河北、河南、山西、陕西、甘肃、湖北、江西、山东、江苏、浙江、安徽、四川、广东、广西、福建,生于海拔500-2000米向阳山坡、杂木林内或路旁。日本和朝鲜也有分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 63      
Spiraea blumei G. Don, Gen. Hist. 2: 518. 1832.
绣球绣线菊 xiu qiu xiu xian ju| Rosaceae  | Spiraea
Shrubs 1–2 m tall. Branchlets spreading, dark red-brown or dark gray-brown, slender, glabrous; buds ovoid, small, with several scales, glabrous, apex acute or obtuse. Petiole 2–4 mm, glabrous; leaf blade bluish green abaxially, rhombic-ovate to obovate or broadly ovate, (0.6–0.9 or)2–3.5 × 1–1.8 cm, glabrous on both surfaces, inconspicuously 3-veined or pinnately veined, base cuneate, margin remotely obtusely incised crenate or 3–5-lobed above middle, apex obtuse or mucronate. Umbels pedunculate, 10–25-flowered; rachis glabrous; pedicels 6–10 mm, glabrous to puberulous; bracts lanceolate, 1–3 mm, glabrous. Flowers 5–8 mm in diam. Hypanthium shallowly campanulate, glabrous to puberulous abaxially. Sepals triangular or ovate-triangular, 1.5–2.5 mm, erect in fruit, apex acute or shortly acuminate. Petals white, broadly obovate, 2–5 mm, about as broad as long, apex emarginate. Stamens 18–20, shorter than petals. Disk annular, 10-lobed; lobes thin, apex emarginate. Carpels glabrous, puberulous only on adaxial suture, or pubescent; styles shorter than stamens. Follicles erect, glabrous or pubescent; styles abaxial, divergent. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. Aug–Oct.
Mixed forests, slopes, limestone mountain valleys, stream sides, roadsides; 500--2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea].
 


 
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