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雀梅Sageretia thea

时间:2013-11-06 12:35来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):雀梅 学名( Scientific Name ): Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M.C. Johnst. 英文名( English Common Name ): paupers-tea 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 刺冻绿 异名( Synonym ): Ampelopsis chinensis Raf. Berchemia ch
中文名(Chinese Name):雀梅
学名(Scientific Name):Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M.C. Johnst.
英文名(English Common Name):pauper's-tea
别名(Chinese Common Name):刺冻绿
异名(Synonym):Ampelopsis chinensis Raf.  Berchemia chanetii H. Lév.  Sageretia hayatae Kaneh.  Rhamnus thea Osbeck  Rhamnus theezans L.  Sageretia taiwaniana Hosok. ex Masam.  Sageretia chanetii (H. Lév.) C. K. Schneid.  Sageretia theezans (L.) Brongn.  Sageretia laetevirens Gontsch.
科属(Family & Genus):鼠李科(Rhamnaceae)雀梅藤属
形态特征(Description):藤状或直立灌木;小枝具刺,互生或近对生,褐色,被短柔毛。叶纸质,近对生或互生,通常椭圆形,矩圆形或卵状椭圆形,稀卵形或近圆形,长1-4.5厘米,宽0.7-2.5厘米,顶端锐尖,钝或圆形,基部圆形或近心形,边缘具细锯齿,上面绿色,无毛,下面浅绿色,无毛或沿脉被柔毛,侧脉每边3-4 (5)条,上面不明显,下面明显凸起;叶柄长2-7毫米,被短柔毛。花无梗,黄色,有芳香,通常2-数个簇生排成顶生或腋生疏散穗状或圆锥状穗状花序;花序轴长2-5厘米,被绒毛或密短柔毛;花萼外面被疏柔毛;萼片三角形或三角状卵形,长约1毫米;花瓣匙形,顶端2浅裂,常内卷,短于萼片;花柱极短,柱头3浅裂,子房3室,每室具1胚珠。核果近圆球形,直径约5毫米,成熟时黑色或紫黑色,具1-3分核,味酸;种子扁平,二端微凹。花期7-11月,果期翌年3-5月。
分布(Distribution):产安徽、江苏、浙江、江西、福建、台湾、广东、广西、湖南、湖北、四川、云南,常生于海拔2100米以下的丘陵、山地林下或灌丛中。印度、越南、朝鲜、日本也有。
用途(Use):本种的叶可代茶,也可供药用,治疮疡肿毒;根可治咳嗽,降气化痰;果酸味可食;由于此植物枝密集具刺,在南方常栽培作绿篱。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 12 Page 134, 137   
Sageretia thea (Osbeck) M. C. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 49: 378. 1968.
雀梅藤 que mei teng| Rhamnaceae  | Sageretia
Shrubs scandent or erect, to 3 m tall, armed. Branchlets slender, alternate or subopposite, brownish, terminating in a spine, finely tomentose when young. Leaves opposite at basal nodes to alternate; petiole 2-7 mm, puberulent; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially green, usually elliptic, oblong, or ovate-elliptic, rarely ovate or nearly orbicular, 2-4.5 × 0.7-2.5 cm, papery, abaxially glabrous or pubescent on veins, sometimes tomentose and glabrescent, adaxially glabrous, lateral veins 3-5(-7) pairs, conspicuously prominent abaxially, base rounded or subcordate, margin serrulate, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded. Flowers yellow, sessile, fragrant, usually 2- to few fascicled in terminal or axillary lax spikes or paniculate spikes; rachis 2-5 cm, sparsely puberulent. Calyx tube sparsely pubescent, shallowly cup-shaped; sepals triangular, ca. 1 mm. Petals spatulate, shorter than sepals, apex 2-fid, often reflexed. Disk fleshy, glabrous, distinctly thickened around ovary. Ovary 3-loculed, with 1 ovule per locule; style very short; stigma 3-fid. Drupe black or purple-black at maturity, subglobose to obovoid, ca. 5 mm in diam., with 1-3 pyrenes; mesocarp fleshy, sour-tasting. Seeds flat, emarginate at both ends. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Mar-May of following year.
Mountain forests, thickets, hills; below 2100 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [India, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Vietnam].
 




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