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厚叶石斑木Rhaphiolepis umbellata

时间:2013-11-06 14:16来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 厚叶石斑木 学名( Scientific Name ): Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Raphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino Opa japoni
中文名(Chinese Name):厚叶石斑木
学名(Scientific Name):Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Raphiolepis umbellata (Thunb.) Makino  Opa japonica Seem.  Mespilus sieboldii Blume  Rhaphiolepis japonica Siebold et Zucc.  Rhaphiolepis japonica var. integerrima Hook. f.  Rhaphiolepis indica f. umbellata (Thunb.) Hatus.  Rhaphiolepis umbellata f. ovata (Briot) C. K. Schneid.  Rhaphiolepis indica var. umbellata (Thunb.) H. Ohashi  Rhaphiolepis ovata Briot  Rhaphiolepis umbellata f. integerrima Rehder  Laurus umbellata Thunb.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)石斑木属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木或小乔木,高2-4米,枝粗壮极叉开,枝和叶在幼时有褐色柔毛,后脱落。叶片厚革质,长椭圆形、卵形或倒卵形,长 (2-) 4-10厘米,宽 (1.2-) 2-4厘米,先端圆钝至稍锐尖,基部楔形,全缘或有疏生钝锯齿,边缘稍向下方反卷,上面深绿色,稍有光泽,下面淡绿色,网脉明显;叶柄长5-10毫米。圆锥花序顶生,直立,密生褐色柔毛;萼筒倒圆锥状,萼片三角形至窄卵形;花瓣白色,倒卵形,长1-1.2厘米;雄蕊20;花柱2,基部合生。果实球形,直径7-10毫米,黑紫色带白霜,顶端有萼片脱落残痕,有1个种子。
分布(Distribution):产浙江,日本广泛分布。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 143
Rhaphiolepis umbellata (Thunberg) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 16: 13. 1902.
厚叶石斑木 hou ye shi ban mu| Rosaceae  | Rhaphiolepis
Laurus umbellata Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 384. 1784; Mespilus sieboldii Blume; Opa japonica Seemann; Rhaphiolepis indica (Linnaeus) Lindley f. umbellata (Thunberg) S. Hatusima; R. indica var. umbellata (Thunberg) H. Ohashi; Rhaphiolepis japonica Siebold & Zuccarini var. integerrima J. D. Hooker; R. ovata Briot; R. umbellata f. integerrima (J. D. Hooker) Rehder; R. umbellata f. ovata (Briot) C. K. Schneider.
Shrubs or small trees, 2–4 m tall. Branchlets blackish brown, terete, initially brown pubescent, glabrescent. Stipules not seen; petiole 5–10 mm, subglabrous; leaf blade greenish abaxially, dark green adaxially, narrowly elliptic, ovate, or obovate (2–)4–10 × (1.2–)2–4 cm, thickly leathery, reticulate veins conspicuous abaxially, adaxially slightly lustrous, base cuneate, margin entire or remotely crenate, slightly revolute, apex obtuse to slightly acute. Panicle terminal, many flowered; peduncle densely brown pubescent; bracts not seen. Pedicel absent or 1–2 mm, densely brown pubescent. Hypanthium obconical, densely brown pubescent. Sepals lanceolate or triangular-lanceolate, longer than hypanthium, 3–4.5 mm, abaxially sparsely brown pubescent, adaxially densely so, margin entire, apex acuminate. Petals white, obovate, 1–1.2 cm, glabrous, apex obtuse. Stamens 20, shorter than petals. Ovary 2-loculed, with 2 ovules per locule; styles 2, connate at base. Pome blackish purple, globose, 7–10 mm in diam., glaucescent; fruiting pedicel 2–5 mm, glabrous; sepals caducous, leaving an annular ring. Fl. Apr–Jun, fr. Sep–Nov.
Taiwan, E Zhejiang (Putuo Xian, Tiantai Xian) [Japan].




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